Elizabethan style

Elizabethan style

(ĭlĭz'əbē`thən), in architecture and the decorative arts, a transitional style of the English Renaissance, which took its name from Queen Elizabeth's reign (1558–1603). During this period many large manor houses were erected by the court nobility. The plans and facades tended more toward symmetry, although there remained many of the characteristics of the Tudor styleTudor style,
descriptive of the English architecture and decoration of the first half of the 16th cent., prevailing during the reigns (1485–1558) of Henry VII, Henry VIII, Edward VI, and Mary I.
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. The great hall of medieval manors was retained, and features were added that increased the occupants' comfort—a broad staircase, a long gallery connecting the wings of the house on the upper floors, withdrawing rooms, and bedrooms of greater size and importance. Examples of the great manors of the period are Longleat, Wiltshire; Wollaton Hall, Nottinghamshire; Kirby Hall, Northamptonshire; Montacute House, Somerset; and Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire. The houses were often designed by the owners themselves, who furnished ideas that were amplified by their mason or carpenter. The freemason Robert SmythsonSmythson, Robert,
1536?–1614, English architect of the Elizabethan era. From 1568, Smythson was freemason to John Thynne in finishing (1567–75) the country house Longleat, Wiltshire.
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 is one of the earliest names associated with English architecture. From Flemish and Italian books the planners haphazardly adapted Renaissance, mannerist, and Flemish motifs, including columns, pilasters, lozenges, festoons, scrolls, and grotesque figures. No attempt was made to achieve the unified classical style of architecture that had already appeared in Italy and France. A greater unity was achieved in the subsequent Jacobean styleJacobean style
, an early phase of English Renaissance architecture and decoration. It formed a transition between the Elizabethan and the pure Renaissance style later introduced by Inigo Jones.
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. In landscape design, formal gardens were developed with clipped boxwood and yews along balustraded terraces, which formed a finished setting for the great manors. In the houses of lesser gentry and yeomen, construction in the Gothic style continued, with the use of half-timber construction, leaded windows, and hammer-beam roofs.

Bibliography

See J. Buxton, Elizabethan Taste (1963); M. Girouard, Elizabethan Architecture (2010).

Elizabethan style

(1558–1603)
A transitional style between the Gothic and Renaissance in England named after the queen, consisting mostly of designs for country houses, characterized by large windows and by strap iron ornamentation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another ancient door opens to the wonderful sitting room featuring a heavily beamed ceiling and large inglenook fireplace with Elizabethan style mantel over.
She chose an Elizabethan style to rebuild the manor house and set it well back into the garden; the house was even acknowledged in the Town and Country Planning Act as "a property of special architectural value".
With a mix of Indian tradition and Elizabethan style, the ensembles were opulent, luxurious and sexy.
This year Cadw is planning to furnish and redecorate parts of Oxwich Castle in Elizabethan style so that visitors can get a taste of what it was like to live in the Mansel household.
A Mid Summer's Fantasy Festival will be replete with a variety of unique entertainment, children's activities, and an Elizabethan Pub and Dining Hall with craft brews, mead and cider, plus a menu for purchase featuring turkey legs, meat pies, sausages, bangers and mash and other Elizabethan style treats; add in a sprinkling of wizards, magicians, dance circles and mischievous fairies and you'll be transported to "a brave new world.
Rome's version of the Globe Theater is designed on a circular base with a stage in the middle of the audience in typical Elizabethan style.
The evening includes dinner in grand Elizabethan style with dancing and music.
Anne Hathaway's Cottage also boasts a cottage garden, an orchard and an Elizabethan style yew maze.
The Birmingham & Edgbaston Proprietary School building was completed in 1841 along the Hagley Road, Five Ways, by Hugh Smith in a distinguished Elizabethan style.
She even includes a mercifully brief introduction to execution in the spectacularly elaborate and public Elizabethan style.
Taken from a line in Robert Frost's classic poem, ``The Road Not Taken,'' New York choreographer William Soleau has created a work in the Elizabethan style reminiscent of Shakespeare.

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