Elizabethton,city (1990 pop. 11,931), seat of Carter co., NE Tenn., on the Watauga River; inc. 1799. It is an industrial center where rayon, clothing, boxes, crushed stone, and hand tools are produced. Tobacco, fruit, and Christmas trees are grown. The region was one of the earliest settled in Tennessee. In 1772 the Watauga AssociationWatauga Association,
government (1772–75) formed by settlers along the Watauga River in present E Tennessee. Virginians made the first settlements in 1769, and after the collapse of the Regulator movement in North Carolina, citizens from that colony under James Robertson
..... Click the link for more information. was organized there; Sycamore Shoals Monument commemorates this event, the treaty Richard Henderson made with the Cherokee in 1775, and the formation of a Revolutionary force that later took part in the battle of Kings Mountain. Nearby lakes have Tennessee Valley Authority dams.