Elliot Lee Richardson

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Richardson, Elliot Lee,

1920–99, U.S. government official, b. Boston. Admitted to the bar in 1949, he was (1957–59) assistant secretary of health, education and welfare under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Richardson was later active as a Republican in Massachusetts state politics, serving as lieutenant governor (1965–67) and attorney general (1967–69). He became (1970) secretary of health, education, and welfare under President Richard M. NixonNixon, Richard Milhous,
1913–94, 37th President of the United States (1969–74), b. Yorba Linda, Calif. Political Career to 1968

A graduate of Whittier College and Duke law school, he practiced law in Whittier, Calif.
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 and supported the administration's cutbacks in social welfare programs and its conservative approach to school desegregation. After serving briefly (1973) as secretary of defense, Richardson was appointed attorney general, but he resigned on Oct. 20, 1973, rather than carry out President Nixon's order to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox (see Watergate affairWatergate affair,
in U.S. history, series of scandals involving the administration of President Richard M. Nixon; more specifically, the burglarizing of the Democratic party national headquarters in the Watergate apartment complex in Washington, D.C.
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). He was also U.S. ambassador to Great Britain (1975–76) and secretary of commerce (1976–77) under President Gerald Ford, making him the first person to hold four different cabinet posts; and U.S. ambassador-at-large (1977–80) under President Jimmy Carter. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998.

Bibliography

See his Reflections of a Radical Moderate (1996).

References in periodicals archive ?
Elliot Richardson is founder and president of the Small Business Advocacy Council.
He ordered Attorney General Elliot Richardson to fire Mr.
This bipartisan initiative is about much more than reducing some of the highest LLC fees in the nation," agreed Small Business Advocacy Council CEO Elliot Richardson.
But Rosenstein would assume the Elliot Richardson role in the Saturday Night Massacre, when that AG refused to fire Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox, resigned, and was canonized as a martyr by the Never-Nixon media.
Paceman Elliot Richardson was the most successful of the Woodlands bowlers with three for 39, while acting captain Chris Brice was very effective in taking two for 23 in his 10 overs.
During the Watergate scandal, Attorney General Elliot Richardson and his deputy, William Ruckelshaus, felt bound by the commitments they had given Congress not to fire special prosecutor Archibald Cox.
The attorney general at the time, Elliot Richardson, appointed a special prosecutor, Archibald Cox, to investigate Nixon.
That was Richard Nixon, caught on tape shouting about his attorney general, Elliot Richardson, who had just insisted on his independence during the Watergate investigation.
This prophecy was tested during Watergate, and as a teenager then I watched Republicans like Howard Baker, Lowell Weicker, Elliot Richardson and William Ruckelshaus heroically stand up for their country rather than for a corrupt president of their own party.
Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus resigned in protest rather than carry out the President's order.
Brooke would serve on the Boston Finance Committee, and then be elected as the state's attorney general, defeating Elliot Richardson along the way.
Even before the Wall Street Journal broke the story, Nixon's newly appointed Chief of Staff, Al Haig (1924-2010), had arranged a meeting between Attorney General Elliot Richardson (1920-99), Agnew, and himself, hoping that Richardson would get Agnew to depart without a fight, a fight Haig sought to avert lest he risk alienating the conservative base.