Lincoln Ellsworth

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Lincoln Ellsworth
BirthplaceChicago, Illinois
NationalityUnited States

Ellsworth, Lincoln,

1880–1951, American explorer, b. Chicago, Ill. He was a surveyor and engineer in railroad building and later a prospector and mining engineer in NW Canada. He became the financial supporter and associate of Roald AmundsenAmundsen, Roald
(Roald Engelbregt Grauning Amundsen) , 1872–1928, Norwegian polar explorer; the first person to reach the South Pole. He served (1897–99) as first mate on the Belgica
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 in his arctic aviation ventures. In 1926 they flew in the dirigible Norge, designed and piloted by Umberto NobileNobile, Umberto
, 1885–1978, Italian aeronautical engineer and arctic explorer. He designed the dirigible Norge and piloted it in the Amundsen-Ellsworth flight over the North Pole in 1926.
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, N from Spitsbergen over the North Pole to Alaska, where Ellsworth distinguished himself by saving the lives of two companions. He was an observer in the 1931 flight of the Graf Zeppelin to Franz Josef Land and Northern Land. In 1936 he accomplished the first flight over Antarctica from the Weddell Sea to the Ross Sea. In 1939 he flew into interior Antarctica from the Indian Ocean side, viewing the previously unseen land named American Highland. With Amundsen he wrote Our Polar Flight (1925) and First Crossing of the Polar Sea (1927). His later books were Search (1932), Exploring Today (1935), and Beyond Horizons (1938).
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ellsworth, Lincoln


Born May 12, 1880, in Chicago, III.; died May 26, 1951, in New York, N.Y. American polar explorer and aviator.

In 1925, Ellsworth served as a navigator on one of the two aircraft on R. Amundsen’s expedition to the North Pole. In 1926 he took part in Amundsen’s expedition aboard the dirigible Norge, which traced a route from Spitsbergen to Alaska via the North Pole. In 1931 he was on board the dirigible Graf Zeppelin when it made a flight to Franz Josef Land. In November and December 1935, Ellsworth and the aviator H. Hollick-Kenyon made the first transantarctic flight, from the Antarctic Peninsula to Little America, during which they discovered the Eternity Range, the Sentinel Range, and Ellsworth Land and the Ellsworth Mountains, which Ellsworth named in honor of his father, J. Ellsworth. In 1938 and 1939 he flew into the interior regions of Antarctica. A cape on Young Island in the Balleny Islands, a mountain peak in the Queen Maud Range, and an antarctic station have been named in honor of Ellsworth.


Beyond Horizons. New York, 1938.


Treshnikov, A. F. Istoriia otkrytiia i issledovaniia Antarktidy. Moscow, 1963.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Ellsworth, Lincoln

(1880–1951) explorer, engineer; born in Chicago (son of James William Ellsworth). After studying at Yale and Columbia University, he worked in the Canadian and American West as a surveyor, prospector, and mining and railroad engineer. He received army flight training during World War I and was the first person to fly over both the North Pole (1926, in a dirigible) and the South Pole (1935, in an airplane). He claimed some 380,000 square miles of Antarctic territory (Ellsworth Land) for the U.S.A. as a result of his overflights (1935, 1939). In 1941 he led an expedition to Peru.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.