Ellsworth Huntington

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Huntington, Ellsworth


Born Sept. 16, 1876, in Gales-burg, III.; died Oct. 17, 1947, in New Haven, Conn. American geographer.

Huntington was a professor at Yale University from 1917 to 1945. He was an adherent of geographic determinism and geopolitics. In his writings he attempted to show that differences in natural conditions, and climatic differences in particular, explain the ascendancy of the “white” population of the countries of the temperate zone over the “colored” peoples of the tropical countries.


The Climatic Factor as Illustrated in Arid America. Washington, D.C., 1914.
Civilization and Climate, 3rd ed., New Haven, 1924.
Principles of Human Geography, 3rd ed. New York, 1924. (With S. W. Cushing.)
Mainsprings of Civilization. New York, 1945.
References in periodicals archive ?
IN 1915, ELLSWORTH HUNTINGTON, a geographer at Yale University, published a book entitled Civilization and Climate that illustrated how tropical and sub-tropical climates inhibited the development of modern civilization around the globe.
Ellsworth Huntington argued that certain tropical diseases native to the Southern climate had exacerbated the penchant for laziness which had caused white Southerners to "fall below the level of their race" and become "'Poor Whites' or 'Crackers.
For him, geography is not negligible, but neither is it determining in the sense of Ellsworth Huntington and his school.