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Elmira(ĕlmī`rə), city (1990 pop. 33,724), seat of Chemung co., extreme S central N.Y., on the Chemung River; settled 1788, inc. 1864. It is a distribution and manufacturing center with plants that make electronic and fire-fighting equipment, automobile parts, and iron and steel products. The Treaty of Painted Post, ending warfare between settlers and the Iroquois ConfederacyIroquois Confederacy
or Iroquois League
, North American confederation of indigenous peoples, initially comprising the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca; the native name for the confederated peoples is the Haudenosaunee.
..... Click the link for more information. , was signed there in 1791. The city was the site of a Civil War prison camp in 1864–5; 3,000 Confederate prisoners are buried there. The well-known Elmira Correctional Facility (est. 1876) led the way in prison reform. Mark TwainTwain, Mark,
pseud. of Samuel Langhorne Clemens,
1835–1910, American author, b. Florida, Mo. As humorist, narrator, and social observer, Twain is unsurpassed in American literature.
..... Click the link for more information. spent many summers in Elmira and is buried there. Places of interest include Twain's study, built in the shape of a riverboat pilot's house; the Arnot Art Museum; and a Native American historical museum. Elmira College and a business institute are in the city. Nearby are Harris Hill, site of an annual national glider contest, and Newtown Battlefield State Park, with a John SullivanSullivan, John,
1740–95, American Revolutionary general, b. Somersworth, N.H. He was a lawyer and a delegate (1774–75, 1780–81) to the Continental Congress but is better remembered as a military leader.
..... Click the link for more information. Monument.
a city in northeastern USA, in New York state, on the Chemung River (a tributary of the Susquehanna). Population, 36,000 (1975; with suburbs, 100,000). The city has a chemical industry, a metalworking industry, and a machine-building industry, which produces typewriters, calculators, office equipment, radio-electronic equipment, and fire-fighting equipment. Elmira was founded in 1788.