The Jewish portrait of redemption is sketched by Greenberg through exploring the ramifications of the biblical notion of tzelem elokim
. As created in the image of God, humans are endowed with "three intrinsic dignities": infinite value, equality, and uniqueness.
In the first chapter, G-d is called Elokim
, whereas in the second chapter, G-d is called Ha'Shem Elokim
There are various distinctions proffered regarding the "general" name Elokim
and Hashem (God's "personal" name, the Tetragrammaton).
Though she soon came to a place of acceptance ("I realized that Elie was created b'tzelem elokim
, in the image of God, like everybody else"), when she looked for resources for parents like her, she came up empty.
After all we share the belief that all human beings are created in tselem elokim
, the image of God.
The trauma of this revelation is described in the title-story of Rinah Uziel-Blumenthal's Etsba'ot elokim
(God's Fingers, 1997).
[phrase omitted] These are the generations of the Heaven and the Earth when they were created in the day that Ha'Shem Elokim
made the Earth and the Heavens.
Maharal explains that this brazen attack on God showed that the people who were building the Tower of Babel were no longer worthy of the divine image (the tzelem Elokim
) in which they were created and which is meant to demonstrate the attachment and connection of human beings to their Creator.
Question: You asked of me if there is a reason why the book of Ecclesiastes does not mention the name of God except for the name "elokim
Said Rabbi Nehemiah: But it says (GENESIS 2:4), "These are the generations of the Heavens and the Earth as they were created, on the day that Ha'Shem Elokim
formed Earth and Heaven" indicating that they were created on that same day, and on that same day they produced their generations!
The unusual concept of the sons of Elokim
marrying the daughters of Adam is found in Genesis 6:2: And the sons of Elokim
saw the daughters of Adam that they were fair, and they took for themselves wives from whomsoever they chose.
In addition to the variety of styles, overlapping themes and numerous factual differences, even the reader who has not heard of the Documentary Hypothesis will have noticed the different uses of the names of God (YHWH, Elokim
) and the two apparently different theologies.