Elsa Schiaparelli


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Elsa Schiaparelli
Birthday
BirthplaceRome, Italy
Died
NationalityItalian
Occupation
Fashion designer

Schiaparelli, Elsa

(skyäpärĕl`lē), 1890–1973, French fashion designer, b. Rome. She established a house of couture in Paris that existed from the late 1920s until 1954, and opened a New York showroom in 1949. A flamboyant fashion innovator, she popularized brilliant colors, especially shocking pink, her signature color, and created extravagant, daring, amusing designs (e.g., bouffant gloves ballooning to the shoulders, phosphorescent brooches, and handbags that played tunes when opened). She was the first to use synthetic fabrics and visible zipper fastenings, she created the first wrap dress and the first scarf dress, and she was the first designer to open a boutique offering ready-to-wear clothing. She is also noted for her perfume (notably Shocking, her first and most famous); small hats; angular, wide-shouldered suits and dresses; turbans; walking coats; evening sweaters; halter necklines; cocktail dresses with matching jackets; and scarves. Schiaparelli also collaborated with such artists as CocteauCocteau, Jean
, 1889–1963, French writer, visual artist, and filmmaker. He experimented audaciously in almost every artistic medium, becoming a leader of the French avant-garde in the 1920s.
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 and DalíDalí, Salvador
, 1904–89, Spanish painter. At first influenced by futurism, in 1924 Dalí came under the influence of the Italian painter de Chirico and by 1929 he had become a leader of surrealism.
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.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, Shocking Life (1954); biographies by P. White (1986) and M. Secrest (2014); D. E. Blum, Shocking! The Art and Fashion of Elsa Schiaparelli (2003).

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As with the exhibition--curated by Harold Koda and Andrew Bolton and held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, from 10 May until 19 August this year--the accompanying book focuses on creating a visual dialogue between these two 'sacred monsters' of haute couture, and additionally draws upon the recent transfer of the Brooklyn Museum's collection of pre-World War II designs by Elsa Schiaparelli to the Met.
Mae West wears a stunning cape designed by Elsa Schiaparelli; Elsa Schiaparelli was a genius in the world of fashion
Schiaparelli and Prada: Impossible Conversations Andrew Bolton and Harold Koda (Yale: pounds 30) Elsa Schiaparelli was the high fashion designer who produced outrageous designs long before today's designers thought they had nailed it for all time.
One of the layers of tension that becomes apparent in an examination of the formation of a modernist imprimatur in the autobiographical writing of Paul Poiret (active from the 1900s-1920s) and Elsa Schiaparelli (active from the late 1920s-1950s), is a persistent--and constantly threatened--opposition between what I would call two different modernities, distinguished by their geographic coordinates.
His niece, Elsa Schiaparelli, became a famed couturiere and influenced many generations.
Ultimately, designers like Elsa Schiaparelli and Jean Patou solved their problems by copying themselves through ready-to-wear lines.
Hugo and Hamm created exclusive buttons for the great couturiers, the likes of Worth, Poiret, Doucet and Elsa Schiaparelli, of which the exhibition has a fabulous selection.
ITALIANBORN Elsa Schiaparelli (1890-1973) was one of the most successful dress designers of the 20th century.
The golden age of Elsa Schiaparelli -- the '30s and '40s -- were revisited in the second outing for the age-old house, which re-launched last year to mixed reviews.
Art has even inspired Art fashion: Yves Saint Laurent had that Mondrian Collection, Elsa Schiaparelli worked with Salvador Dali.
For the show, staged over three days at the Palais de Tokyo modern art museum, Saillard chose 57 dresses, coats and accessories, many by the greatest names in fashion history: Elsa Schiaparelli, Cristobal Balenciaga, Coco Chanel, Christian Dior or Pierre Balmain.
A Last year's theme was influenced by the exhibit, "Schiaparelli and Prada: Impossible Conversations," which shed light on designers Elsa Schiaparelli and Miuccia Prada's influence on fashion.