Elsa Schiaparelli


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Elsa Schiaparelli
Birthday
BirthplaceRome, Italy
Died
NationalityItalian
Occupation
Fashion designer

Schiaparelli, Elsa

(skyäpärĕl`lē), 1890–1973, French fashion designer, b. Rome. She established a house of couture in Paris that existed from the late 1920s until 1954, and opened a New York showroom in 1949. A flamboyant fashion innovator, she popularized brilliant colors, especially shocking pink, her signature color, and created extravagant, daring, amusing designs (e.g., bouffant gloves ballooning to the shoulders, phosphorescent brooches, and handbags that played tunes when opened). She was the first to use synthetic fabrics and visible zipper fastenings, she created the first wrap dress and the first scarf dress, and she was the first designer to open a boutique offering ready-to-wear clothing. She is also noted for her perfume (notably Shocking, her first and most famous); small hats; angular, wide-shouldered suits and dresses; turbans; walking coats; evening sweaters; halter necklines; cocktail dresses with matching jackets; and scarves. Schiaparelli also collaborated with such artists as CocteauCocteau, Jean
, 1889–1963, French writer, visual artist, and filmmaker. He experimented audaciously in almost every artistic medium, becoming a leader of the French avant-garde in the 1920s.
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 and DalíDalí, Salvador
, 1904–89, Spanish painter. At first influenced by futurism, in 1924 Dalí came under the influence of the Italian painter de Chirico and by 1929 he had become a leader of surrealism.
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.

Bibliography

See her autobiography, Shocking Life (1954); biographies by P. White (1986) and M. Secrest (2014); D. E. Blum, Shocking! The Art and Fashion of Elsa Schiaparelli (2003).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Masks, Mirrors and Mannequins: Elsa Schiaparelli and the Decentered Subject.
4) Elsa Schiaparelli, Shocking Life: The Autobiography of Elsa Sehiaparelli, London: V & A, [1954] 2007: 48.
Elsa Schiaparelli said that a good cook is like a sorceress who dispenses happiness.
She was the granddaughter of the Italian-born fashion designer Elsa Schiaparelli, who began her career in 1930s Paris and earned a reputation for creating shocking garments.
While the zipper's "drummers," by Friedel's account, seem somewhat more regular in matrimonial matters, they move in a colorful a world of proto-Nazis, garment-making Jews, and eccentric designers like Elsa Schiaparelli.
Robin Wagner's Art Deco set and Willa Kim's lush, camp costumes - which pay homage to such designers as Erte, Paul Poiret and Elsa Schiaparelli (one woman wears an absurd shoe-hat like the one Schiaparelli created with Salvador Dali) - greatly enhance the fantastic sensibility of what is admittedly escapist fare.
His collectors include royalties and heads of state, culture figures such as Jean Cocteau and Gian Carlo Menotti, Elsa Schiaparelli, John Schlesinger, Nelson Rockefeller and Joseph Pulitzer Jr.
That prediction came courtesy of Elsa Schiaparelli, whose rival, Coco Chanel, was one of the first designers to capitalize on the image-making potential of the silver screen when she began designing costumes for Hollywood stars in 1931 at the request of MGM boss Samuel Goldwyn.
Gray's reputation was made; her shop, Jean Desert, attracted a clientele that included James Joyce, Ezra Pound, Elsa Schiaparelli and Nancy Cunard.
Art has even inspired Art fashion: Yves Saint Laurent had that Mondrian Collection, Elsa Schiaparelli worked with Salvador Dali.
For those still able to afford finery, there was a navy one-piece bomb shelter outfit from the fashion house of Elsa Schiaparelli or a sleek handbag tailored to carry a gas mask.