Emberiza


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Related to Emberiza: Emberiza citrinella, Emberiza hortulana, Emberiza schoeniclus

Emberiza

 

a genus of birds of the family Emberizidae of the order Passeriformes. The body length is 12.5–20 cm. Midway up the bill, there is a small gap between the upper and lower mandibles. The tail is relatively long, with the outer feathers often white at the tip. Predominant colors are chestnut, brown, and sometimes yellow.

The genus comprises 39 species, which are distributed in Europe, Asia, and Africa. In the USSR there are 27 species, including the yellowhammer (E. citrinella), the pine bunting (E. leucocephala), the reed bunting (E. schoeniclus), the ortolan bunting (E. hortulana), the black-headed bunting (E. melanocephala), the corn bunting (E. calandra), and the yellow-breasted bunting (E. aureola). The Emberiza inhabit all zones from the shrub tundra to the deserts and are found in mountains up to elevations of about 3,600 m. Some species are sedentary, while others migrate for the winter or descend from the mountains into the valleys. The birds build open nests on the ground or on low bushes. There are three to six eggs per clutch. The Emberiza feed on seeds and, in the summer, on insects, which they also use for feeding the nestlings.

References in periodicals archive ?
0 spinus siskin Carpodacus Common - - - erythrinus rosefinch Certhia Eurasian - - - familiaris treecreeper Dendrocopos Great spotted - - - major woodpecker Emberiza Common reed - - - schoeniclus bunting Erithacus European 35 58 1.
2) Carduelis spinus 79 1 1 (1) Pyrrhula pyrrhula 55 8 5 (9) Carduelis chloris 73 5 5 (7) Carduelis cannabina 26 1 1 (4) Carpodacus erythrinus 55 1 1 (2) Emberiza schoeniclus 54 1 1 (2) Troglodytes troglodytes 500 33 17 (3) Acrocephalus palustris 30 1 1 (3) Other Accipiter nisus 54 2 1 (2) Lanius collurio 169 7 2 (l) Dendrocopus major 83 8 1 (1) Hippolais icterina 87 15 2 (2) Sylvia atricapilla 170 8 7 (4) Sylvia borin 194 1 1 (0.
For example, the large beaked reed bunting subspecies, Emberiza schoeniclus intermedia can extract insect larvae from reed stems, but the small beaked, E.