Emberiza


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Emberiza

 

a genus of birds of the family Emberizidae of the order Passeriformes. The body length is 12.5–20 cm. Midway up the bill, there is a small gap between the upper and lower mandibles. The tail is relatively long, with the outer feathers often white at the tip. Predominant colors are chestnut, brown, and sometimes yellow.

The genus comprises 39 species, which are distributed in Europe, Asia, and Africa. In the USSR there are 27 species, including the yellowhammer (E. citrinella), the pine bunting (E. leucocephala), the reed bunting (E. schoeniclus), the ortolan bunting (E. hortulana), the black-headed bunting (E. melanocephala), the corn bunting (E. calandra), and the yellow-breasted bunting (E. aureola). The Emberiza inhabit all zones from the shrub tundra to the deserts and are found in mountains up to elevations of about 3,600 m. Some species are sedentary, while others migrate for the winter or descend from the mountains into the valleys. The birds build open nests on the ground or on low bushes. There are three to six eggs per clutch. The Emberiza feed on seeds and, in the summer, on insects, which they also use for feeding the nestlings.

References in periodicals archive ?
2014: Winter diet of yellowhammers Emberiza citrinella on contemporary farmland: the different contribution of forbs, wild grasses and cereals in semi-natural and agricultural habitats.
1999: Long-term changes in over-winter survival rates explain the decline of reed buntings Emberiza schoeniclus in Britain.
Germany Parus major 2.3 [+ or -] 0.2 (n = 63) Emberiza citrinella 2.0 [+ or -] 0.7 (n = 13) Passer domesticus 3.9 [+ or -] 0.7 (n = 16) Turdus pilaris 1.3 [+ or -] 0.3 (n = 3) Carduelis spinus 3.0 [+ or -] 1.0 (n = 7) N Poland Parus major 1.9 [+ or -] 0.2 (n = 53) Emberiza citrinella 3.4 [+ or -] 0.9 (n = 37) Passer domesticus 13.9 [+ or -] 3.8 (n = 14) Turdus pilaris 1.8 [+ or -] 0.4 (n = 13) Carduelis spinus 1.8 [+ or -] 0.6 (n = 6) E Poland Parus major 3.0 [+ or -] 0.5 (n = 34) Emberiza citrinella 11.1 [+ or -] 3.1 (n = 39) Passer domesticus 3.3 [+ or -] 0.6 (n = 13) Turdus pilaris 61.0 [+ or -] 29.6 (n = 8) Carduelis spinus 17.7 [+ or -] 5.0 (n = 14) Table 4.
Poospiza, Sicalis, Emberiza), mientras que los generos de picos mas gruesos y fuertes presentan los margenes tomiales generalmente rectos o debilmente convexos (e.
Emberiza calandra###Wu et al., 2002###Deleted###Lacks distribution evidence
Six species (Charadrius hiaticula, Circus aeruginosus, Glaucidium passerinum, Emberiza calandra, Lanius collurioides and Saxicola insignis) (Table II) were deleted from the previous species checklist (Zeng et al., 2016b) because of absence of distribution evidence or species misidentification.
The trumpeter bullfinch (Rhodopechys [=Bucanites] githaginea), the house bunting (Emberiza striolata), and the desert sparrow (Passer simplex) are Saharo-Sindian, but the desert sparrow only lives in Asia in the sands of eastern Iran.
Penelope, Melanitta fusca, Grus canadensis, Tringa glareola, Calidris canutus, Gallinago stenura, Hirundo rustica, Corvus corax, Turdus naumanni, Lanius cristatus, and Emberiza pusilla) for the IRD proper (Fig.
In some species, the frequency of EPFs is extremely high: 55% in Reed Bunting chicks, Emberiza schoeniclus (Dixon et al.
Emberiza hortulana (Ortolan Bunting)###-###20 (15.05.2009)###1 (12.08.2008)###-###M###LC###A.3
Zoothera dauma, and Emberiza cioides, were the least common in this habitat, each recorded only once (0.01%) (Table I).