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a family of birds of the order Passeriformes. The body length is 10–20 cm. The bill is relatively short and cone-shaped; in some birds it is massive. The edges of the culmen and gonys are curved inward. The tail is sometimes notched or forked. The family comprises 65 genera, with 282 species. The birds live in open country, in thickets, and, more rarely, in forests. Some American ornithologists also include the 256 species of tanagers, and even American warblers, in the family Emberizidae.
The Emberizidae are most richly represented in America and are considerably less numerous in Asia, Europe, and Africa. The USSR has representatives of three genera: Emberiza, Calcarius, and Plectrophenax. The last has one species, the snow bunting (P. nivalis). Some American species of Emberizidae sometimes migrate to the northeastern USSR.