Emelianov, Aleksei

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Emel’ianov, Aleksei Stepanovich


(also, Aleksei Andreevich Emel’ianov). Born Mar. 2 (14), 1854, in the stanitsa (large cossack village) of Semikarakovskaia in the Second Don District; died after 1887, on the Krym Farm of the stanitsa of Kochetovskaia of the Oblast Voiska Donskogo (Oblast of the Don Cossack Host). Russian revolutionary and Narodnik (Populist).

Born into the family of a priest, Emel’ianov graduated from a theological seminary and then studied in the Kharkov Veterinary Institute. In 1874 he began to conduct revolutionary propaganda in southern Russia, and in 1876, in St. Petersburg, where he joined the society Land and Liberty. In 1876, he was arrested under the alias Bogoliubov and sentenced to 15 years of hard labor. In the house of preliminary detention, he was subjected to corporal punishment on the orders of the head of the St. Petersburg city administration, F. F. Trepov. For this act, V. I. Zasulich shot at Trepov on Jan. 24, 1878. Emerianov was then held in the Novobelgorod Prison, where he fell sick. He was transferred to the Kazan psychiatric hospital, from which he was released on Jan. 14, 1887, into his father’s custody.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.