Emelianov, Vasilii Semenovich

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Emel’ianov, Vasilii Semenovich


Born Jan. 30 (Feb. 12), 1901, in Khvalynsk, in present-day Saratov Oblast. Soviet scientist in metallurgy. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953). Hero of Socialist Labor (1954). Member of the CPSU since 1919.

Emel’ianov graduated from the Moscow Academy of Mines in 1928. A technological process for producing ferromanganese which Emerianov developed was made the basis of the design for the Zaporozh’e Ferroalloy Plant. From 1935 to 1937 he was technical director at the Cheliabinsk Ferroalloy Plant. During the years 1937–40, while working in the People’s Commissariat of the Defense Industry, he was occupied with organizing the production of armor steel. In 1940 he was appointed deputy chairman of the Committee on Standards of the Council of People’s Commissars of the USSR. In 1942 he became chairman of the committee. During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45 he took part in organizing the production of tank hulls and cast turrets. In 1945–46 he worked as an executive in the atomic industry. In 1946 he became head of a subdepartment at the Moscow Physical Engineering Institute, and in 1966 he was chairman of the Commission on Scientific Problems of Disarmament of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Between 1955 and 1965 he was a member of the Scientific Consultative Committee of the United Nations, and between 1957 and 1965 he was one of the directors of the UN International Atomic Energy Agency (in Vienna). He has been awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1942 and 1951). He is a foreign member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1965). He has been awarded four Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, five other orders, and various medals.


Metallurgiia iadernogo goriuchego, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
O vremeni, o tovarishchakh, o sebe. Moscow, 1968.
Na poroge voiny. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.