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see birth controlbirth control,
practice of contraception for the purpose of limiting reproduction. Methods of Birth Control

Male birth control methods include withdrawal of the male before ejaculation (the oldest contraceptive technique) and use of the condom, a rubber sheath
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methods and agents for preventing pregnancy; contraception may be physiological or artificial.

There are days of “physiological sterility” during each menstrual cycle: in a 21-day cycle these are days one and 15–21; in a 28-day cycle, days one to six and 22–28; and so on for other cycles. However, contraception based on these physiological characteristics is not entirely dependable, since the periods of ovulation may vary. Temporary sterility (inability to conceive) also occurs in many women during breast-feeding, particularly during the first postpartum months.

Artificial contraception includes the use of mechanical, chemical, biological, or surgical agents and methods or a combination of them. Contraception has a great social impact as a principal method for the prophylaxis of abortion, for family planning, and for regulation of population growth in individual countries.


Prevention of impregnation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oldham, Greater Manchester, had the next highest number with one in every 25 girls needing emergency contraception last year.
Among oral emergency contraception methods, ulipristal acetate is more effective than the levonorgestrel-only regimen and is effective for up to 5 days.
FACT: Half of those questioned thought emergency contraception causes an abortion or they weren't sure.
But in June, the federal government dropped its appeal, and FDA said it will allow the sale of one-pill versions of emergency contraception without age restrictions beginning with Plan B One-Step.
According to the AAP, teens today "younger than 17 years must obtain a prescription from a physician to access emergency contraception in most states.
In addition to pharmacies women can visit local GPs and sexual health clinics which also provide contraception, testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, free condom supplies, pregnancy tests and emergency contraception.
Studies have shown the majority of emergency contraception prescriptions in the ED are given in situations involving nonconsensual intercourse or sexual assault.
Before 2007, the Bulgarian emergency contraception market was dominated by Postinor Duo, a pill produced by the same manufacturer, Hungary's Richer Gedeon Ltd.
In certain developing countries, emergency contraception has become the battleground for proponents and opponents of reproductive rights, and this is most evident in the region of Latin America, where the Catholic Church maintains a strong influence.
However, there are chances that women may not be able to access emergency contraception within this time frame.
Emergency contraception is an important part of comprehensive medical care for sexual assault victims.
For example, one ad conveys the message that couples can be tension- free if they have access to emergency contraception," Dr Ram Teke, deputy drug controller general of India, said.

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