Emil Abderhalden


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Abderhalden, Emil

 

Born Mar. 9, 1877; died Aug. 5, 1950. German biochemist and physiologist. From 1904 to 1945 he worked in Berlin and Halle; beginning in 1946 he headed the department of physiological chemistry at the University of Zurich.

Abderhalden was the author of numerous works devoted to the study of the biological role and structure of proteins. In 1916 he synthesized a polypeptide from 19 amino acids, after he and E. Fischer had established the similarity between synthetic polypeptides and natural peptones. He investigated the role played by fats, vitamins, and hormones in nutrition and discovered the so-called protective enzymes which form in the organism during pregnancy, with tumors, and so on. He was the author of the Textbook of Physiological Chemistry (Russian translation, Moscow-Leningrad, 1934).

REFERENCE

Heyns, K. “Emil Abderhalden, 9/3/1877–5/8/1950.” Pflüger’s Archiv für die gesamte Physiologie des Menschen und der Thiere. 1951, vol. 253, no. 3.
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Subjects presented here include microbiology's Ferdinand Cohn and concepts of the discreteness of nature, German-Jewish chemists and Raphael Meldola in the search for aniline dyes, Felix Hansdorff's career in cultural and mathematical modernism, Leon Michaelis and Emil Abderhalden and the workings habits of Jewish and non-Jewish chemists in Germany, Zionist men of science between nature and nurture, Einstein and reform Judaism as it relates to the Fries school, value-based genetic studies of ethnic communities in Israel, German and Israeli attitudes about reproductive genetics, pragmatic and dogmatic physics in 1938, and Jewish emigrants and German Scientists after World War II.