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Fischer, Emil(ā`mēl fĭsh`ər), 1852–1919, German organic chemist. He is especially noted for his researches on the structure and synthesis of sugars and of purines and purine base derivatives, e.g., caffeine; for this work he received the 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. His many other valuable discoveries include a method of synthesizing polypeptides. He was an assistant of Adolf von BaeyerBaeyer, Adolf von
(Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer) , 1835–1917, German chemist. He taught at Berlin and Strasbourg and in 1875 succeeded Liebig at Munich.
..... Click the link for more information. and was professor at the universities of Erlangen (1882–85), Würzburg (1885–92), and Berlin (from 1892).