Emil Nolde

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nolde, Emil


(pseudonym of E. Hansen). Born Aug. 7, 1867, in Nolde, northern Schleswig, present-day Denmark; died Apr. 15, 1956, in Seebüll, Holstein, Federal Republic of Germany. German painter and graphic artist.

From 1885 to 1889, Nolde attended the School of Wood Carving in Flensburg (Schleswig-Holstein). He continued his studies in Munich, Dachau (Bavaria), Paris, and Copenhagen. From 1892 to 1898, Nolde taught at a technical school in Sankt Gallen in Switzerland. He was one of the leading masters of expressionism. From 1905 to 1907 he was a member of Die Brücke.

Nolde’s paintings, most of which have religious themes, combine elements of the fantastic and the real and are characterized by mystical exaltation. Nolde endeavored to emphasize the tension and inner drama of his subjects by greatly distorting natural forms and using contrasting combinations of patches of light-saturated colors. His works include the altarpiece The Life of Christ (1911–12; the Nolde Museum, Seebüll) and the triptych The Legend of St. Maria Aegyptica (1912; Kunsthalle, Hamburg). Nolde also painted landscapes. He was a watercolorist and sculptor.


Pis’ma. [Preface and translation by B. A. Zernov.] In Mastera iskusstvo ob iskusstve, vol. 5, book 2. Moscow, 1969. Pages 97–104.
Briefe. Edited by M. Sauerlandt. Berlin, 1927.
Jahre der Kämpfe. Berlin, 1934.


Tikhomirov, A. N. “Ekspressionizm.” In Modernizm. Moscow, 1973. Pages 21–22.
Fehr, H. E. Nolde. Cologne, 1957.
Selz, P. E. Nolde. New York, 1963.
Emil Nolde… Ausstellung. Cologne, 1973. (Exhibition catalog.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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Emil Nolde's subjects and techniques appeal to me, and I admire Francis Bacon's approach, though he denied the influence of Expressionism in his art.
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The organisation of the material covered is basically chronological, beginning with the fullcoloured expressionist art of modernists such as Emil Nolde and Georges Rouault, and concluding with the contemporary figurative art of Helen Meyer and Roger Wagner, among others.
of Emil Nolde: In 1933, his works decorated the apartment of Joseph Goebbels, who even considered announcing Expressionism as the official movement of the Nazi state.
The collection uncovered included many of the masters of the 20th century, among them Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Marc Chagall, Emil Nolde, Franz Marc, Max Beckmann and Max Liebermann.