Émile Benveniste

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Émile Benveniste
BirthplaceAleppo, Ottoman Empire

Benveniste, Émile


Born May 27, 1902, in Halab (Aleppo), Syria. French linguist. Student of A. Meillet. Specialist in general and European linguistics.

Benveniste is an adherent of structural linguistics. As distinct from F. de Saussure, Benveniste thinks that the linguistic sign is not arbitrary, since it is determined by the system of a language (The Nature of the Linguistic Sign, 1939). Benveniste also works in the field of general semiotics. As a specialist in Indo-European languages, Benveniste is famous for his theory of the structure of the Indo-European root and for numerous studies of Iranian languages.


Noms d’agent et noms d’action en indoeuropéen. Paris, 1948.
“Problèmes sémantiques de la réconstruction.” Word, New York, 1954, vol. 10, nos. 2–3.
Etudes sur la langue osséte. Paris, 1959.
Problèmes de linguistique genérale. Paris, 1966.
In Russian translation:
Indoevropeiskoe umennoe slovoobrazovanie. Moscow, 1955.
References in periodicals archive ?
Daar is (pynlike) nadenke oor die skryf van 'n gedig en gesprekke met Nietzsche en Emile Benveniste ("frottage", 60).
Bringing to bear the ideas of Emile Benveniste, she argues that we should not "accept the link between the medieval practice of auricular confession and speech about the self .
In his essay on Achterberg's sonnet sequence, "Ballade van de gasfitter", Coetzee refers to the linguist, Emile Benveniste, on the topic of pronouns.
This is defined by Emile Benveniste as "a predicate nominative, without a verb or copula," which is "the normal expression .
His thesis is a sustained argument with the views of Emile Benveniste (see "The Semiology of Language," in Robert Innis, ed.
6) Emile Benveniste, in his "The Nominal Sentence," in Problems in General Linguistics, trans.
Enonciation was heavily influenced by Emile Benveniste, the highly acclaimed French linguist, who was especially active in the 1950s and 1960s.
Readers of Style will particularly appreciate the early chapters, which deal with Todorov's first few years in Paris and his interaction with the structuralist milieu, and where he also evokes his encounters with, among others, Roman Jakobson, Viktor Shklovskii, and Emile Benveniste, as well as his friendship with Gerard Genette and their extended collaboration at Poetique.