Émile Combes

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Combes, Émile


Born Sept. 6, 1835, in Roquecourbe; died May 25, 1921, in Pons. French statesman. The son of a craftsman.

Combes defended doctoral dissertations in theology (1860) and medicine (1866). In 1885 he became a senator and joined the Radical group. In 1894–95 he was vice-president of the Senate; from November 1895 to April 1896 he was minister of education. In the 1890’s, a period of sharp struggle between democracy and reaction centered on the Dreyfus Affair, Combes came out for a review of the case, a stand that was a defense of the republican system. From June 1902 to January 1905, Combes was head of the government. The Combes government carried out several anticlerical measures: it closed a number of Catholic churches, suppressed schools directed by a religious congregation, and prepared a bill for the separation of church and state. (The latter was implemented in late 1905.) This anticlerical policy led to a break in diplomatic relations between the Vatican and France (1904). Under pressure from right-wing bourgeois circles, Combes was forced to resign. In 1915–16 he was minister without portfolio.

References in periodicals archive ?
Les prestations requises pour ces actions s~appliquent aux 2 sites de l~tablissement de Bordeaux: le site principal du 26 rue Emile Combes 33270 Floirac, le site annexe de Croix d~Hins au chemin de pot au pin 33610 Cestas.
Even so, the greatest victim of the Dreyfus affair was the Catholic Church which, after the 1902 election of the Freemason, Emile Combes, as prime minister, suffered a dissolution eerily similar to Henry VIII's English reformation.
However, events were to overtake Ireland in the Vatican, at home, and, most importantly, in France where the church and state were to end up at loggerheads, due in no small part to the machinations of the radical secularism of Emile Combes.
000 religiosos y religiosas (casi un quinto del total) provocado por la ley de asociaciones de 1901 y la posterior regulacion de la ensenanza en 1904, por parte del gobierno del radical Emile Combes (1835-1921), primero ministro de Instruccion Publica (1895-96) y despues presidente del gobierno de la III Republica francesa (1902-1905), constituye una pagina poco conocida de la historia francesa.
The second part of the book considers these new political camps after the 1905 demise of the anticlerical ministry of Emile Combes and the emergence of a more moderate Republican coalition.
Location of works, place of delivery supplies or performance: AIA of Bordeaux 26, rue Emile Combes 33270 Floirac
The services required for these actions apply to two sites in the Bordeaux - The main site of 26 rue Emile Combes - 33270 Floirac- The annex site Cross d~Hins the path Pot au Pin - 33610 Cestas.
Location of works, place of delivery supplies or performance: Aia bordeaux - 26 rue Emile Combes 33270 Floirac
Location of works, place of delivery supplies or performance: 26 rue Emile Combes 33270 Floirac
Lycee Emile Combes Pons - intellectual services for the work of the 5th installment of the restructuring of the institution.
Recovery work in school Emile Combes argeles sea (1,2,3,4 lots and 11,12 and 13)