Galle

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Galle

(gäl), city (1995 est. pop. 87,000), capital of Southern prov., extreme S Sri Lanka, on the Indian Ocean. An agricultural market center, it exports tea, rubber, coconut oil, cloves, and other products of the surrounding region. The city has a cement factory as well. Famous as a trade center for Chinese and Arabs by 100 B.C., Galle rose to prominence under Portuguese rule (1507–1640), when it became Sri Lanka's chief port. It was the capital of Sri Lanka under the Dutch (1640–56), whose original fort, built to guard the harbor, still stands. The city passed to the British in 1796. Its commercial importance continued until the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 and the construction (1885) by the British of a modern harbor at Colombo. Since the 1960s congestion and labor problems at the port of Colombo have diverted some shipping to Galle. In Dec., 2004, Galle was devastated by a tsunami caused by an earthquake off N Sumatra.

Gallé

 

work in nontransparent multilayered glass, decorated with plant and landscape motifs in relief; also the technique of carving the glass around the design by removing several layers, which makes the design stand out as a silhouette against the transparent background. Named after the creator of the first vases of this kind, the French artist E. Gallé (1846-1904), this style has been adopted by many masters of the art nouveau style in Europe and the United States.

Galle

a port in SW Sri Lanka; along with other coastal settlements, it suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop.: 123 616 (1997 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Emile Galle was born in 1846 in Nancy, France, and was a much celebrated French designer and pioneer in technical innovations in glass.
Leading the array of glass from this time is an exquisite, very rare Emile Galle cameo "parlant" Vase from 1910 which is expected to sell for pounds 30,000-pounds 40,000.
After a tour through Europe in 1889, and exposure to the innovative glassware of Emile Galle, Tiffany came home and founded a glassmaking factory.
In which design movement did Emile Galle win worldwide acclaim?
and often visited the Chrysler Museum of Art, where he especially appreciated the works of Louis Comfort Tiffany (1848-1933) and Emile Galle (1846-1904).
This contract is for the provision of providing packaging, removal, transport and disposal of hazardous waste chemical hazards and / or biological sites Brabois hospitals, urban hospitals, Regional Maternity University of Nancy and surgical Emile Galle Centre.
Highlights include a Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec color lithograph Divan Japonais ($10,000/20,000), an Emile Galle Wood Marquetry Vitrine ($6,000/8,000) and a Tiffany Studios Favrile Glass and Bronze Pomegranate Lamp ($8,000/12,000).
The design of the leaf of this tree, widespread in Japan, was not only used for Arita porcelain, it was a major symbol for Art Nouveau as it developed in the ''Nancy School'' of Art Nouveau, of which the glass makers Emile Galle and Jean Daum are some of the main representatives.
Jean Prouve (1901-1984) at the Musee des Beaux-Arts (until 15 October) claims to tackle 'all aspects of his talent and personality', starting with the influence of his father and godfather, the artists Victor Prouve and Emile Galle, both of whom were closely involved with the vigorous local flowering of Art Nouveau known as the Ecole de Nancy.
Besides numerous masterpieces by Emile Galle, the undisputed glassmaker of the period, the visitor will discover a harmonious group of over 150 vases, cups, flasks and lamps signed by the leading glass artists of the turn of the century: Daum, Tiffany, Loetz, Argy-Rousseau.
Emile Galle was one of the pioneers of the Art Nouveau movement, and Galle glass is synonymous with the best of decorative-art designs of that period.