Émile Jacques-Dalcroze

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Jacques-Dalcroze, Émile

 

(real surname, Jacques). Born July 6, 1865, in Vienna; died July 1, 1950, in Geneva. Swiss composer and pedagogue.

Jacques-Dalcroze studied music in the Geneva Conservatory and went on to Vienna to take advanced courses with R. Fuchs and A. Bruckner and to Paris to study with L. Delibes. Jacques-Dalcroze taught at the Geneva Conservatory during 1892–1910. He created eurythmics, a system of rhythmic musical education (rhythmic gymnastics), and devised a system for developing musical and rhythmic abilities (creative freedom and expression and the development of a perfect ear and capacity for musical improvisation). During 1911–14 he taught eurythmics in a special school in Hellerau, and from 1915, in the institute he had founded in Geneva. Similar institutes and schools were started in Stockholm, London, Paris, Vienna, Barcelona, and other cities by Jacques-Dalcroze’s followers and pupils, who included M. Wigman, R. St. Denis, M. Rambert, and V. F. Nizhinsky. Eurythmic institutes, based on Jacques-Dalcroze’s method, were founded in Moscow and Petrograd in 1920. The Soviet school enriched his method by adding an emotional content. Jacques-Dalcroze’s compositions include seven operas, works for symphonic orchestras, three cantatas, and two concerti for violin and orchestra.

WORKS

Eurhythmies, Art and Education. London, 1930.
La Musique et nous. Geneva, 1945. (With a list of his pedagogical works and musical compositions.)

REFERENCES

Stork, K. Sistema Dal’kroza. Leningrad-Moscow, 1924. (Translated from German.)
Brunet-Lecomte, H. Jacques-Dalcroze: sa vie, son oeuvre. Geneva, 1950.

N. P. ROSLAVLEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Emile Jaques-Dalcroze used the terms anacrusis, crusis and metacrusis to denote the preparation, occurrence and follow-through of a musical gesture.
Indeed, the many different areas of Gell's work overlap due to the common thread running through all of them, namely the teachings of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze.
The ideas and elements of Zoltan Kodaly Carl Orff, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze and Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi should all be incorporated into a quality music program to ensure that some aspect of music can relate to every student in our care.
This is principally why Steiner appears along with Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Sergey Volkonsky and Rudolf Laban.
Naturally, even teachers had teachers, but it seems to me that these are two readily accessible pedagogic time frames, although some modern dancers can better be traced back to Emile Jaques-Dalcroze and Rudolf yon Laban.
Los pioneros: Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Carl Orff y Zoltan Kodaly
Asi, bajo el epigrafe de "Luz, espacio, movimiento" aparecen textos de Loie Fuller, Adolphe Appia, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Isadora Duncan y Gordon Craig, y bajo la etiqueta de "Teatro y abstraccion," de Vasily Kandinsky, Arnold Schonberg, Filippo-Tomasso Marinetti, Bruno Corra, Emilio Settimelli, Enrico Prampolini, Jean Cocteau, Leon Bakst, Guillaume Apollinaire, Fernand Leger, Hugo Ball, Kurt Schwitters, Frederick Kiesler, Lothar Schreyer, Oskar Schlemmer, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy y Antonin Artaud.
There are also biographical entries on composers, musicians, and artists whose works encompass both arts, such as Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Meredith Monk, and Alwin Nikolais.
Simon who had attended his first teaching course in Geneva gave a demonstration of the new music and movement education ideas of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze with students of the St.
Francois Delsarte, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, and Bess Mensendieck encouraged a kind of inside-out expression that questioned the traditional nature of movement training.
Such strategies are probably as old as music teaching itself, but a modern systematic expression of some of them awaited the seminal work of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze.
Emile-Henri Jaques, born to Swiss parents in 1865 in Vienna, assumed the name Emile Jaques-Dalcroze in the late 1880s.