Émile Jacques-Dalcroze

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Jacques-Dalcroze, Émile

 

(real surname, Jacques). Born July 6, 1865, in Vienna; died July 1, 1950, in Geneva. Swiss composer and pedagogue.

Jacques-Dalcroze studied music in the Geneva Conservatory and went on to Vienna to take advanced courses with R. Fuchs and A. Bruckner and to Paris to study with L. Delibes. Jacques-Dalcroze taught at the Geneva Conservatory during 1892–1910. He created eurythmics, a system of rhythmic musical education (rhythmic gymnastics), and devised a system for developing musical and rhythmic abilities (creative freedom and expression and the development of a perfect ear and capacity for musical improvisation). During 1911–14 he taught eurythmics in a special school in Hellerau, and from 1915, in the institute he had founded in Geneva. Similar institutes and schools were started in Stockholm, London, Paris, Vienna, Barcelona, and other cities by Jacques-Dalcroze’s followers and pupils, who included M. Wigman, R. St. Denis, M. Rambert, and V. F. Nizhinsky. Eurythmic institutes, based on Jacques-Dalcroze’s method, were founded in Moscow and Petrograd in 1920. The Soviet school enriched his method by adding an emotional content. Jacques-Dalcroze’s compositions include seven operas, works for symphonic orchestras, three cantatas, and two concerti for violin and orchestra.

WORKS

Eurhythmies, Art and Education. London, 1930.
La Musique et nous. Geneva, 1945. (With a list of his pedagogical works and musical compositions.)

REFERENCES

Stork, K. Sistema Dal’kroza. Leningrad-Moscow, 1924. (Translated from German.)
Brunet-Lecomte, H. Jacques-Dalcroze: sa vie, son oeuvre. Geneva, 1950.

N. P. ROSLAVLEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Among the Europeans themselves, the French music teacher Francois Delsarte had started his explorations into body movement (even before Isadora erupted on the scene), extended by the Swiss Emile Jaques-Dalcroze.
Francois Delsarte, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, and Bess Mensendieck encouraged a kind of inside-out expression that questioned the traditional nature of movement training.
Such strategies are probably as old as music teaching itself, but a modern systematic expression of some of them awaited the seminal work of Emile Jaques-Dalcroze.
There are also biographical entries on composers, musicians, and artists whose works encompass both arts, such as Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Meredith Monk, and Alwin Nikolais.
Now, the German-born Holm was a student of Wigman, who in turn was the student and assistant of Rudolf von Laban (creator of Labanotation and the teacher of Kurt Jooss and his Essen School), and had earlier studied with Emile Jaques-Dalcroze This particular phase of American dance history from Holm onwards has been best documented by Walter Sorelk As for Murray Louis, he was the pupil of both Holm and Nikolais, as well as being Nikolais's artistic protege This is why both Nikolais and Louis have always taught and choreographed with a slight yet telling difference from the majority of their colleagues.
During the hour-long work, there are solos to the music of Massenet, Debussy, and Satie in the manner of Loie Fuller, Rita Sacchetto, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, Grete Wiesenthal, and other early modern dancers who might have served Mata Hari as models.
Denis would be establishing the Denishawn School with the now-18-year-old Ted Shawn, or that in 14 years' time the now 13-year-old Mary Wigman would make her debut recital after study with Emile Jaques-Dalcroze and Rudolf von Laban?
It's no wonder that Mark Morris had a yen to direct Christoph Willibald Gluck's 1762 opera Orfeo ed Euridice, joining his reputation to other twentieth-century dancemakers--Isadora Duncan, Emile Jaques-Dalcroze, and George Balanchine--who had been fascinated by the work.