Émile Vandervelde

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Vandervelde, Émile


Born Jan. 25, 1866, at Ixelles; died Dec. 27, 1938, in Brussels. Belgian politician, rightist socialist, one of the leaders of the Second International.

Vandervelde was by upbringing a jurist. He became a professor of political economy at Brussels University in 1924. A member of the Belgian Socialist Party from its foundation in 1885, he was its leader from the mid-1890’s. From 1894 he was a member of the Chamber of Deputies and from 1900 chairman of the International Socialist Bureau of the Second International. During World War I he became a social chauvinist; he entered the bourgeois government and until 1937 repeatedly held such posts as minister of foreign affairs and minister of justice. After the February Revolution of 1917, Vandervelde went to Russia to agitate for the continuation of the imperialist war. He was Belgium’s representative at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919-20 and signed the Versailles Peace Treaty of 1919. In 1922 he was present at the trial of the right-wing Socialist Revolutionaries as defense counsel. As minister of foreign affairs from 1925 to 1927, he signed the Locarno Treaties of 1925. He authored books and pamphlets written from an opportunistic standpoint. He opposed the recognition of the USSR and justified the Belgian colonial policy in the Congo.


Le Parti ouvrier Belge 1885-1925. Brussels, 1925.


Lenin, V. I. “Opportunizm i krakh II Internatsionala. ” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 27.
Lenin, V. I. “Proletarskaia revoliutsiia i renégat Kautskii.” Ibid., vol. 37, pp. 332-38.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
--des archives privees (correspondances notamment) consultees a l'Institut Emile Vandervelde (Bruxelles), a l'Institut International d'Histoire Sociale (Amsterdam) et a l'Office Universitaire de Recherche Socialiste (Paris).
Emile Vandervelde observe le jeune Spaak avec un certain detachement, dont temoigne l'anecdote livree par le diplomate Fernand Vanlangenhove (16), chef de cabinet de Vandervelde qui lui confie en 1927, << non sans quelque humour, que Mme Spaak mere, avec laquelle il venait de causer au Senat, s'inquietait des manifestations extremistes de son fils.
Le dirigeant socialiste italien en exil Filippo Turati demande alors un avocat a Emile Vandervelde, qui sollicite Paul-Henri Spaak, choisi au double titre de sa profession et de ses engagements.
Un debat s'ensuit, au cours duquel Emile Vandervelde emet des reserves sur la methode adoptee mais << accorde sa confiance aux ministres socialistes >>.
Massart, Jean, and Emile Vandervelde. Parasitism: Organic and Social.
Massart, Jean, and Emile Vandervelde. Parasitisme organique et parasitisme social.
Brailsford and Emile Vandervelde established a Socialist 'Pro-Palestine Committee' under the auspices of the international Labor Zionist confederation.
The socialist Emile Vandervelde, a long-time supporter of female attorneys, was minister of justice when the new bill was first proposed, though out of office by the time it passed in 1922.