Emiliia Karlovna Pavlovskaia
Pavlovskaia, Emiliia Karlovna
(maiden name, Ber-man). Born July 28 (Aug. 9), 1853, in St. Petersburg; died Mar. 23, 1935, in Moscow. Soviet lyric dramatic soprano and teacher. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1934).
Pavlovskaia graduated in 1873 from the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where she was in K. Everardi’s class. She made her debut in Italy, in the city of Crema in Lombardy, later singing at the Malta opera. Beginning in 1876 she performed at the Kiev, Odessa, Tbilisi, and Kharkov operas. In 1883 and 1884 and in 1888 and 1889 she was a soloist at the Bolshoi Theater, and from 1884 to 1888 at the Mariinskii Theater.
Pavlovskaia was the first to sing the roles of Maria in Mazeppa and of Godmother Nastas’ia in The Enchantress, both by Tchaikovsky. Her other roles included Violetta in Verdi’s La Traviata, Natasha in Dargomyzhskii’s The Mermaid, and Tat’iana in Tchaikovsky’s Eugene Onegin. Pavlovskaia also had a career as a pedagogue. Beginning in 1895 she taught the opera class at the Bolshoi Theater.