Emilio Aguinaldo


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Aguinaldo, Emilio

 

Born Mar. 22, 1869; died Feb. 6, 1964. Filipino political leader.

Aguinaldo led the bourgeois landowner groups that joined the 1896 revolt against the Spanish oppressors. In 1897 he became president of the Supreme Council of State created by the rebels, but that same year he entered into agreements with Spain, called for an end to the fighting, and left the Philippines. At the start of the Spanish-American War of 1898 he rejoined the rebellion, becoming head of the government and commander-in-chief. In 1899 he became president of the Philippine Republic, which was struggling against the American aggressors. Fearing the sweep of the revolutionary movement, Aguinaldo practiced a policy of compromise with the USA. Captured by American forces in 1901, he called on the people to cease struggling against American colonialists. In the 1930’s he headed the Union of Veterans of the Revolution and the National Socialist Party, both bourgeois-nationalist organizations. He was an unsuccessful presidential candidate in 1935.

G. I. LEVINSON

References in periodicals archive ?
Emilio Aguinaldo at the veranda of his house which has become a shrine.
I started looking for the basis of these rumours, which I might have missed, but I never saw one," said Aquino, adding, "I don't think I was faltering in raising the flag and doing other things during the commemoration of the opening of Emilio Aguinaldo Museum in Kawit, Cavite last Friday.
This year marks the 116th anniversary of the day when the first president of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo raised the flag of the Philippines on the balcony of his residence in Cavite El Viejo (Kawit) which was later turned into a museum and hailed as one of the most important historical sites of the country.
Filipino nationalists, led by Emilio Aguinaldo, objected to the replacement of one colonial power with another, sparking an insurgency that spread throughout the islands.
There were simultaneous flag-raising rites at the Rizal National Monument in Luneta, Manila, the Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite; Barasoain Church in Malolos City, Bulacan; PinaglaA[degrees]banan Memorial Shrine in San Juan; Mausoleo de los Veteranos de la Revolucion in Manila North Cemetery; Bonifacio National Monument in Caloocan City and at Pamintuan House in Angeles City, Pampanga.
In much the same vein, it is likely that most Americans, if asked about the Spanish-American War more than a century ago, would know of the United States' quick victory over Spain, but would either have forgotten or never really known about the second war that followed in the aftermath of that victory--the 1899-1902 war for the suppression of the Philippine independence movement led by Emilio Aguinaldo (or, for that matter, the third war--the one against the Muslim population on the southern Philippine islands that lasted until 1913 and that is known as the Moro Rebellion).
Bacoor is the first capital of the Revolutionary Government under General Emilio Aguinaldo.
As a result of receiving the award for three consecutive years, Children International also received the prestigious Hall of Fame Award during a ceremony held at the Armed Forces of the Philippines General Headquarters, Camp General Emilio Aguinaldo, in Quezon City.
The young leader of the Filipino insurgency against Spanish rule, Emilio Aguinaldo, was assured that American interests were benevolent and short-term.
geopolitical boundaries that responded to the Americans' venture into global imperialism: among them England's "imperial" poet Rudyard Kipling, Nicaragua's poet/diplomat Ruben Dario, and the Philippines' revolutionary leaders Emilio Aguinaldo and Apolinario Mabini.
Emilio Aguinaldo in Quezon City, similar to the arrangement in the United States Pentagon, a military official disclosed.
In the division one final, Western Union dominated the second half powered by Reyden Morana, Gilbert Zape and newly acquired Ace Quisumbing, who is a former varsity player from Emilio Aguinaldo College.