Emilio Aguinaldo

(redirected from Emilio Aquinaldo)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aguinaldo, Emilio


Born Mar. 22, 1869; died Feb. 6, 1964. Filipino political leader.

Aguinaldo led the bourgeois landowner groups that joined the 1896 revolt against the Spanish oppressors. In 1897 he became president of the Supreme Council of State created by the rebels, but that same year he entered into agreements with Spain, called for an end to the fighting, and left the Philippines. At the start of the Spanish-American War of 1898 he rejoined the rebellion, becoming head of the government and commander-in-chief. In 1899 he became president of the Philippine Republic, which was struggling against the American aggressors. Fearing the sweep of the revolutionary movement, Aguinaldo practiced a policy of compromise with the USA. Captured by American forces in 1901, he called on the people to cease struggling against American colonialists. In the 1930’s he headed the Union of Veterans of the Revolution and the National Socialist Party, both bourgeois-nationalist organizations. He was an unsuccessful presidential candidate in 1935.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It drew a turbulent picture of conflict between autonomous regional revolutionary movements in the Central Visayas and the Luzon-based First Philippine Republic proclaimed by Emilio Aquinaldo on June 12, 1898, in Kawit, Cavite.
In activities marking its 22nd anniversary at Camp Emilio Aquinaldo in suburban Quezon City, the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) showcased its two "unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)".
Speaking before officers and soldiers of the AFP at the ceremonial turnover of rifles in Camp General Emilio Aquinaldo, Quezon City, Aquino said the arrest of retired Army Major General Jovito Palparan and the acquisition of modern equipment bring forth a new breed of soldiers who are respected by the public.
According to the story, Ureta was forced by Marcos' henchmen to go around in circles on a bicycle inside Camp Emilio Aquinaldo in suburban Quezon City to the point of exhaustion.
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