Emilio Aguinaldo

(redirected from Emilio F. Aguinaldo)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Aguinaldo, Emilio

 

Born Mar. 22, 1869; died Feb. 6, 1964. Filipino political leader.

Aguinaldo led the bourgeois landowner groups that joined the 1896 revolt against the Spanish oppressors. In 1897 he became president of the Supreme Council of State created by the rebels, but that same year he entered into agreements with Spain, called for an end to the fighting, and left the Philippines. At the start of the Spanish-American War of 1898 he rejoined the rebellion, becoming head of the government and commander-in-chief. In 1899 he became president of the Philippine Republic, which was struggling against the American aggressors. Fearing the sweep of the revolutionary movement, Aguinaldo practiced a policy of compromise with the USA. Captured by American forces in 1901, he called on the people to cease struggling against American colonialists. In the 1930’s he headed the Union of Veterans of the Revolution and the National Socialist Party, both bourgeois-nationalist organizations. He was an unsuccessful presidential candidate in 1935.

G. I. LEVINSON

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Villar, the event's guest of honor and speaker, led the wreath-laying at the tomb of General Emilio F. Aguinaldo and the flag-raising ceremony at the nearby Shrine veranda.
Imus is the virtual center of the Flag Day celebration because it was in the Battle of Alapan where the Philippine tricolor was first waved by the revolutionaries under General Emilio F. Aguinaldo on May 28, 1898.
KAWIT, Cavite --National and local officials celebrated the 150th birth anniversary of General Emilio F. Aguinaldo on Friday, with activities extolling his life.
KAWIT, Cavite It is all systems go for the 150th birth anniversary of General Emilio F. Aguinaldo on March 22 at the hero's Shrine in this historical municipality.
KAWIT, Cavite -- Officials in historical Cavite province have lodged the proposal that Aguinaldo Day or the March 22 birth anniversary of General Emilio F. Aguinaldo be made a national holiday.
Emilio F. Aguinaldo, a revolutionary leader and the country's first president.
Emilio F. Aguinaldo today with simple activities at the historic Aguinaldo Shrine, here.