Dubai

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Dubai

(do͞obī`), sheikhdom (2010 est. pop. 1,800,000), c.1,500 sq mi (3,890 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab Emirates,
federation of sheikhdoms (2005 est. pop. 2,563,000), c.30,000 sq mi (77,700 sq km), SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. The federation, commonly known as the UAE, consists of seven sheikhdoms: Abu Dhabi (territorially the largest of the
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, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf. Nearly all of the sheikhdom's settled population is concentrated in the city of Dubai (2006 pop. 1,422,000), which is the principal port, commercial center, and largest city of the federation and is located on the sheikhdom's central Persian Gulf coast. The city's deepwater port, the oil industry, international trade and business, and tourism are economically important; it also is a gold- and diamond-trading hub. The sheikhdom is one of the world's largest international air travel hubs and a regional center for international corporate headquarters and computer and media companies. There are elaborate hospitality, shopping, and entertainment facilities. Modern highrises dominate the city of Dubai; the Burj KhalifaBurj Khalifa
[Arab.,=Khalifa Tower], skyscraper in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, that is the tallest building in the world. The centerpiece of a large urban development, it stands 2,717 ft (828 m) high and has 163 floors.
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, the tallest building in the world, opened there in 2010. There is a large international airport.

Little is known of the early history of Dubai, but it appears to have been a dependency of Abu DhabiAbu Dhabi
, Arab. Abu Zabi, sheikhdom (1995 pop. 928,360), c.26,000 sq mi (67,300 sq km), part of the federation of seven United Arab Emirates, SE Arabia, on the Persian Gulf.
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 until 1833. Along with the other sheikhdoms that now compose the federation, it became a British protectorate in the 19th cent. Dubai became the commercial capital of the sheikhdoms and was an important port of call for British steamers to India. From 1945 to 1948 Dubai was at war with Abu Dhabi. Dredging in 1961 made Dubai the Middle East's most accessible port. Oil was discovered in Dubai in the early 1960s, production began in 1966, and oil revenues played a key role in transforming Dubai into an international hub.

Dubai became part of the United Arab Emirates at its founding in 1971. In the 1970s its deepwater port was modernized and a supertanker dock was constructed. The development of Dubai resulted in a property boom, the residence of many foreign expatriates, and an influx of low-paid Southeast Asian workers, especially in construction. Anger over wage, labor, and living conditions issues led foreign construction workers to riot in 2006. In 2009, amid the global recession, property prices fell sharply in Dubai, construction slowed dramatically, and many expatriates left the country. The recession also led to liquidity problems in the sheikhdom, especially in the government's heavily indebted business arm, and Dubai was forced to seek aid totaling some $25 billion from oil-rich Abu Dhabi.

Bibliography

See Dubai: Architecture and Design (2006); C. M. Davidson, Dubai (2009); J. Krane, City of Gold (2009); S. Ali, Dubai: Gilded Cage (2010).

Dubai

a sheikhdom in the NE United Arab Emirates, consisting principally of the port of Dubai, on the Persian Gulf: oilfields. Pop.: 1 026 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Competent authorities can impound any violating bicycle for up to 30 days, and the rules applied on impounded vehicles in the emirate of Dubai will remain valid.
The figures were made known, explained in detail, and standard comparisons were made between Dubai and other countries with positive results that put the emirate of Dubai in a leading position.
In accordance with the Dubai SME Law, the key goals that the SME Establishment aims to achieve are the enhancement of the status of the Emirate of Dubai as a hub for business and enterprise and innovation, the encouragement of innovative skills among Emirati youth, the fostering of their ability to undertake productive economic activities and the development of programs and initiatives aimed at enterprise development.
Several years ago, the emirate of Dubai created free trade zones in addition to a port in Jabal Ali, which proved to be a big success.
Statistical Year Book - Emirate of Dubai 2005 consists of 584 pages, with 18 chapters, 276 statistical tables and 90 graphics in addition to a general index for Dubai.
With his Donn victory, Cigar took the first steps on a demanding but potentially rich and rewarding itinerary: five major races in six months in Florida, California and the Persian Gulf emirate of Dubai, with purses totaling $7.
DIC is one of a number of industry-specific business centers established by the municipal government of the Emirate of Dubai, to provide a sophisticated environment for IT companies seeking to do business across the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent and Africa from a central location.
Moaza Saeed Al Marri, Director of RTA's Marketing and Corporate Communication, said, "Being among the leading service providers in the Emirate of Dubai, the RTA is always keen on leveraging its vital role in providing all sorts of support to the prudent Government of Dubai to keep pace with the ongoing development witnessed by the emirate across the board.
Dubai: The Dubai Municipality has recently started implementing the fish breeding project to combat mosquito larvae that breed in irrigation basins and water pools in different areas in the emirate of Dubai.
Kuwait, Safar 7, 1435, Dec 10, 2013, SPA -- Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashed Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates and Governor of the Emirate of Dubai, met at his guest residence at Bayan palace in Kuwait today with Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of Qatar.
The 37,000-tonne bulk carrier had been sailing from Australia to Jebel Ali, in the emirate of Dubai, when it was attacked by pirates early on Friday.