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in the Islamic world
1. an independent ruler or chieftain
2. a military commander or governor
3. a descendant of Mohammed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the countries of the Orient, a title for Muslim rulers equivalent to the title of prince. Until the adoption of Islam in the seventh century, the title emir was applied to military leaders; it was later used for Muslim rulers with secular and religious power, such as the emir of Bukhara and the emir of Afghanistan. The title is given to the sons of Arab monarchs in certain countries, including Saudi Arabia. The leaders of large groups of pilgrims to Mecca are also called emirs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'Against some calls circulating in the social media that all district heads were directed to attend Hawan Daushe at Kano Emir's palace, the Kano State government has directed all Hakimai to attend Hawan Daushe at their respective emirates.
'It is, therefore, directed that district heads from Bichi Emirate should attend their Hawan Daushe with the first-class Emir of Bichi, Alhaji Aminu Ado Bayero; district heads from Rano Emirate should attend Hawan Daushe with their first-class emir, Alhaji (Dr) Tafida Abubakar (Autan Bawo).
My advice is that, before decisions are taken, the Emirs should be consulted to offer their opinion and advice.
The Emir and all other stakeholders should unite and save the prestige and respect that Kano enjoys not only in Nigeria but the world over.
While commenting on the relationship with the Emir of Kano, Muhammadu Sanusi ll, Bayero said 'Sanusi is my brother.
He therefore hinted that 'so , because I am appointed Emir, l don't think he will not support me to succeed in all my undertakings.
Those presented the letters were Alhaji Aminu Ado Bayero as Emir of Bichi, Dr Ibrahim Abubakar II, Emir of Karaye; Alhaji Tafida Abubakar, Emir of Rano, and Alhaji Ibrahim Abdulkadir as Emir of Gaya.
It added that the letters dated May 9, 2019, had reference number SSG/REPA/5/A/86/T and were addressed to the newly appointed Emirs.
The statement said each letter states that: 'In accordance with the power conferred on the Governor by the Kano State Emirs (Appointment and Deposition) Amended Law 2019 (1440 AH) which provides the creation of more Emirates.
According to the Commissioner for Information, Muhammad Garba, the new Emirs would receive their letters of appointment and staff of office at a ceremony at Sani Abacha Stadium on Saturday.
It could be recalled that the late Emir died on Thursday, January 10, 2019, in a Turkish Hospital in Abuja after a protracted illness.
Others include TY Danjuma, Labaran Maku, CAN Chairman, Catholic Bishop of Lafia, Gbong Gwom Jos, Sultan of Sokoto, Emir of Zuru, Emir of Fika from Yobe state, traditional rulers from the state among others.