Emmanuel de Martonne

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Martonne, Emmanuel de


Born Apr. 1, 1873, in Chabris; died July 25, 1955, in Sceaux. French geographer; representative of the French “human geography” school; member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1942).

Martonne became a professor at the Sorbonne in 1909. Between 1938 and 1952 he served as president of the International Geographical Union and in 1952 became honorary president. In 1933 he was named an honorary member of the Geographic Society of the USSR. He undertook field investigations in France, Rumania, and other European countries, as well as in North Africa and North and South America. His contributions to the fundamentals of physical geography, geomorphology, the classification of climates, and physical-geographic area studies were significant. His chief works were in general and regional physical geography.


Les Régions géographiques de la France. Paris, 1921.
In Russian translation:
Osnovy fizicheskoi geografii, vols. 1-3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939-45.
Tsentral’naia Evropa. Moscow, 1938.
Fizicheskaia geografiia Frantsii. Moscow, 1950.
Aerogeografiia. Moscow, 1950.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Ab'Saber, propondo que este extenso nivel de aplainamento e os patamares mais elevados da anteclise da Mantiqueira (Superficie dos Campos, de Emmanuel De Martonne) correspondem a mesma superficie geomorfica.