Emmanuel de Martonne

Martonne, Emmanuel de


Born Apr. 1, 1873, in Chabris; died July 25, 1955, in Sceaux. French geographer; representative of the French “human geography” school; member of the Paris Academy of Sciences (1942).

Martonne became a professor at the Sorbonne in 1909. Between 1938 and 1952 he served as president of the International Geographical Union and in 1952 became honorary president. In 1933 he was named an honorary member of the Geographic Society of the USSR. He undertook field investigations in France, Rumania, and other European countries, as well as in North Africa and North and South America. His contributions to the fundamentals of physical geography, geomorphology, the classification of climates, and physical-geographic area studies were significant. His chief works were in general and regional physical geography.


Les Régions géographiques de la France. Paris, 1921.
In Russian translation:
Osnovy fizicheskoi geografii, vols. 1-3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1939-45.
Tsentral’naia Evropa. Moscow, 1938.
Fizicheskaia geografiia Frantsii. Moscow, 1950.
Aerogeografiia. Moscow, 1950.
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Aware of the international renown of French geographers, Bourgeois promptly "recruited" several of the country's leading practitioners (including de la Blache, Albert Demangeon, Lucien Gallois, Emmanuel de Martonne, and Emmanuel de Margerie) to work on a new Commission de Geographie producing thematic maps and short reports on the human and physical geography of different European regions for use by the French General Staff (see also Hanna 1996).
The president of this new committee was the nearest France had to an official historian, Ernest Lavisse; its vice-president was Paul Vidal de la Blache, Lavisse's friend and long-time collaborator; and its secretary was Emmanuel de Martonne, de la Blache's student and son-in-law.
13) BN-SGP 9bis/2316--Letter to Professor Hein from Emmanuel de Martonne, April 4, 1915.