Emmer


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Emmer

 

(Triticum dicoccum), an annual plant of the family Gramineae; it includes a number of subspecies and forms of tunicate wheats. The spikes are long, narrow, and compact, with long awns and a brittle shaft. In each spike, which is usually five-flowered, two grains develop. Emmer is found as a weed in plantings of other wheats. It is known to have been cultivated in ancient times in Asia, North Africa (found in the tombs of pharaohs), and Europe. At the present time it is found in small areas, chiefly in the Mediterranean regions; in the USSR it is grown in a few regions along the Volga and in the Caucasus. Emmer is drought-resistant, does not lodge, and is resistant to rust and smut; it is used in improving wheat strains. Emmer grain is used for flour and forage.

REFERENCES

Rukovodstvo po aprobatsii sel’skokhoziaistvennykh kul’tur, 5th ed.,vol. 1. Moscow, 1947.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed.Leningrad, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The skilful execution of classroom management aptitudes is a standout amongst the most important determinants of showing achievement in that it is a basic part of educational learning (Emmer and Stough, 2001).
Cooking with Heritage Wheat Varieties GRAIN DESCRIPTION Emmer/Farro Emmer (farro in Italian) is higher in fiber than modern wheat, and has a nutty, chewy bite; the flour makes superb pasta.
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The same assays also showed that the insoluble-bound phenolic component of quinoa was less active than that in durum wheat and emmer. The TEAC protocol also revealed that the hydrophilic, lipophilic and free-soluble phenolic extracts in quinoa had high antioxidant activity.
[26] found that the null Wx-A1 allele frequently occurred in Japanese, Korean and Turkish cultivars.Saito and Nakamura [27] found an insertion and a deletion of one nucleotide that changed the ORF of the gene in wild and cultivated emmer (T.
They found similar results, published in Crop Science in September 2012, in screening 359 emmer wheat accessions.
The hulled ancestors of modern wheats--among them einkorn, emmer and spelt--can be winter or spring type, and either red or white.
All this costs consumers more money in the long-run," added Emmer.
"One of the big things we wanted to do is get our culture out to members," said Don Emmer, business development leader, at the $68 million credit union.
Between 11,700 and 9,800 years ago, residents of Chogha Golan, a settlement in the foothills of Iran's Zagros Mountains, went from cultivating wild ancestors of modern crops to growing a form of domesticated wheat called emmer, say archaeobotanist Simone Riehl of the University of Tubingen, Germany, and her colleagues.
Scott Emmer, a manager at the global brand protection unit of motoring giant General Motors said his firm is troubled by counterfeit versions of critical car parts including brakes, airbags and windscreens.