Emmer


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Emmer

 

(Triticum dicoccum), an annual plant of the family Gramineae; it includes a number of subspecies and forms of tunicate wheats. The spikes are long, narrow, and compact, with long awns and a brittle shaft. In each spike, which is usually five-flowered, two grains develop. Emmer is found as a weed in plantings of other wheats. It is known to have been cultivated in ancient times in Asia, North Africa (found in the tombs of pharaohs), and Europe. At the present time it is found in small areas, chiefly in the Mediterranean regions; in the USSR it is grown in a few regions along the Volga and in the Caucasus. Emmer is drought-resistant, does not lodge, and is resistant to rust and smut; it is used in improving wheat strains. Emmer grain is used for flour and forage.

REFERENCES

Rukovodstvo po aprobatsii sel’skokhoziaistvennykh kul’tur, 5th ed.,vol. 1. Moscow, 1947.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed.Leningrad, 1964.
References in periodicals archive ?
By improving oversight and training at US Embassies we can ensure our Foreign Service Officers have all the tools they need to properly process each application in a timely manner," Emmer said.
Interestingly, the antioxidant activity, as evaluated by the LOX/RNO and ORAC assays, was higher in quinoa than in both durum wheat and emmer.
Molecular characterization of the Wx-B1 allelic variants identified in cultivated emmer wheat and comparison with those of durum wheat.
All this costs consumers more money in the long-run," added Emmer.
Best Advantage had the foundation needed to set off on its own and Dance Party Fridays were born, Emmer said.
But domestication of emmer occurred several hundred years later at Chogha Golan than at sites to its west, Willcox says.
While firms are waging war on counterfeiters by adding barcodes, electronic tags or ultra-violet inks to their genuine products, Emmer said the crooks are getting better too.
The intellectual challenge that Emmer and Gommans have taken on with their study is laudable.
But today, a stunning array of wheats is coming back: heirloom Red Fife, a flavorful wheat that adds loft to whole-wheat breads, though its low yields make it impractical for mass production; stubby Sonora wheat, a drought-tolerant white variety grown for tortillas in the 1880s; even rarer Ethiopian Blue Tinge emmer farro, a rich-tasting chocolate brown variety.
However, besides the two basic ingredients, barley and emmer (a species of wheat) the brew produced in the clay jars of the Sumerians is shrouded in mystery.