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(Triticum dicoccum), an annual plant of the family Gramineae; it includes a number of subspecies and forms of tunicate wheats. The spikes are long, narrow, and compact, with long awns and a brittle shaft. In each spike, which is usually five-flowered, two grains develop. Emmer is found as a weed in plantings of other wheats. It is known to have been cultivated in ancient times in Asia, North Africa (found in the tombs of pharaohs), and Europe. At the present time it is found in small areas, chiefly in the Mediterranean regions; in the USSR it is grown in a few regions along the Volga and in the Caucasus. Emmer is drought-resistant, does not lodge, and is resistant to rust and smut; it is used in improving wheat strains. Emmer grain is used for flour and forage.
REFERENCESRukovodstvo po aprobatsii sel’skokhoziaistvennykh kul’tur, 5th ed.,vol. 1. Moscow, 1947.
Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 2nd ed.Leningrad, 1964.