Heraclius

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Heraclius

(hĕrəklī`əs, hĭrăk`lēəs), c.575–641, Byzantine emperor (610–41). The son of a governor of Africa, he succeeded the tyrant Phocas, whom he deposed and had executed. In the early years of his reign Avars and Bulgars threatened, attacking even Constantinople, and the Persians conquered Syria, Palestine, and Egypt. In three costly campaigns (622–28) Heraclius recovered the provinces from the Persians, but they fell (629–42) to the Muslim Arabs. He sought to reconcile the Monophysites with the Orthodox Church; this attempt led to the compromise of MonotheletismMonotheletism
or Monothelitism
[Gr.,=one will], 7th-century opinion condemned as heretical by the Third Council of Constantinople in 680 (see Constantinople, Third Council of).
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, which was rejected by both sides. Heraclius began the reorganization of the empire into military provinces (themes). He was succeeded briefly by his son Constantine III and then by his grandson Constans IIConstans II
(Constans Pogonatus), 630–68, Byzantine emperor (641–68), son and successor of Constantine III and grandson of Heraclius. Early in his reign Armenia and Asia Minor were invaded by the Muslims, who challenged Byzantine supremacy at sea, took Cyprus, and
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.

Heraclius

 

Born 575 in Cappadocia; died Feb. 11, 641, in Constantinople. Byzantine emperor from 610.

Heraclius seized power during a period of profound internal and external political crisis in the Byzantine Empire. He temporarily succeeded in strengthening the empire’s position: in 626 an invasion of Constantinople by the Avars and Slavs was repulsed; in 627–28 the Persians were defeated, and the lands they had conquered in Asia and Egypt were returned. In the succeeding years of Heraclius’ rule, however, these eastern provinces were conquered by the Arabs. Many Byzantine scholars connect major military and administrative reforms with Heraclius’ name, including the creation of the theme system.

Heraclius

?575--641 ad, Byzantine emperor, who restored the Holy Cross to Jerusalem (629)
References in periodicals archive ?
This hardly confirms the traditional portrait of Muhammad as the seal of the Prophets, mercy to the worlds, the mighty statesman who personally wrote to leaders including the Emperor Heraclius and directed his followers to conquer the world.
The coins bear the image of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius, who ruled between 610 and 641 A.
7) It was alleged that in his letter he dissuaded Peter from resistance against the Saracens with the aim of weakening the power of Emperor Heraclius.
He explores the roots of the some of the crucial elements of a religio-political program instituted by Byzantine emperor Heraclius in response to the Persian conquest of Jerusalem in 614, and the percussions for Byzantine political theology and Christian ideology of warfare.
Sixteen years later, the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius recaptured Jerusalem and what was believed to be the True Cross and restored it to a newly rebuilt church.