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(both: jəhän'gēr`), 1569–1627, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 emperor of India (1605–27), son of AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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. He continued his father's policy of expansion. The Rajput principality of Mewar (Udaipur) capitulated in 1614. In the Deccan, Ahmadnagar was taken in 1616 and half of its kingdom annexed. In the northwest, however, the Persian ruler, Shah AbbasAbbas
, d. 653, uncle of Muhammad the Prophet and of Ali the caliph. A wealthy merchant of Mecca, he was at first opposed to the religious movement initiated by his nephew Muhammad.
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, retook (1622) Kandahar. In 1611, Jahangir married a Persian widow, Nur Jahan, and she and her relatives soon dominated politics, while Jahangir devoted himself to cultivation of the arts, especially miniature painting. He welcomed foreign visitors to his court, granting trading privileges first to the Portuguese and then to the British East India Company. Civil strife and court intrigues marked the last years of Jahangir's reign. Shah Jahan, his son, succeeded him.


See B. Prasad, History of Jahangir (1922).



(also Jehangir; Persian, literally “conqueror of the world”; title as ruler). Born 1569; died 1627. Ruler of the state of the Great Moguls from 1605 to 1627. Son of Akbar.

Jahangir’s reign was marked by a weakening of central authority, an increase in the power and authority of the feudal jagirdars, and a flourishing of corruption. In 1613 he permitted the English East India Company to establish a trading station at Surat. In 1622 the Persians took the city of Kandahar, the “key” to the caravan trade, from the Moguls. Jahangir devoted little attention to affairs of state. His wife, Nur Jahan, had great political influence. Jahangir’s memoirs are entitled Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri.


The Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri, or Memoirs of Jahangir. London, 1909.


Kennedy, P. A History of the Great Moghuls, or A History of the Badshahate of Delhi, vols. 1-2. Calcutta, 1908-11.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fact is that Marium-uz-Zamani was the mother of the Emperor Jahangir and one of the several wives of the Emperor Akbar who had converted to Islam.
Mariam-uz-Zamani Begum (often associated with the figure of Jodha Bai), the powerful wife of Emperor Akbar and mother of Emperor Jahangir, is believed have been from Jaipur.
Back in the seventeenth century, on a visit to Kashmir, Mughal Emperor Jahangir had famously remarked 'If there is heaven on earth, it's here, it's here, it's here'.
Don't miss the newly discovered portrait of the Emperor Jahangir, dated to the 1630s (Fig.
A few buildings within the fort were added by Akbar's son, Mughal emperor Jahangir, who isburiedin the city.
In June 1606, Mughal Emperor Jahangir ordered the guru tortured to death as his influence was spreading and he was thought to pose a threat to the empire.
Chabeel Day, which takes place across the world refers to a tradition of Sikhs, where on hot days in India they hand out cold drinks to the community, in memory of Guru Arjan Dev Ji who became a martyr after being tortured by heat by the Indian Mughal Emperor Jahangir in 1606.
The historical Dilkusha Bagh situated on the western side of Bakhar at the old route of river Indus is referred to Mehr-un-Nisa (Noor Jehan) the wife of Mughal Emperor Jahangir.
At an intersection between Mughal history and the history of the Society of Jesus, Flores presents a new edition of the 1610 or 1611 account of the court and household of Mughal Emperor Jahangir (r.
shtml) Bandi Chhor Divas , the celebration of when Guru Har Gobind escaped from the prison of the Mughal emperor Jahangir and returned to the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
In 1606 the Guru was burnt alive on a hotplate by Mughal Emperor Jahangir in an attempt to have him change religious scriptures.
The day marks the release of Guru Hargobind from from imprisonment in the famous fort of Gwalior by Emperor Jahangir in October, 1619.