Jahangir

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Jahangir

or

Jehangir

(both: jəhän'gēr`), 1569–1627, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 emperor of India (1605–27), son of AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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. He continued his father's policy of expansion. The Rajput principality of Mewar (Udaipur) capitulated in 1614. In the Deccan, Ahmadnagar was taken in 1616 and half of its kingdom annexed. In the northwest, however, the Persian ruler, Shah AbbasAbbas
, d. 653, uncle of Muhammad the Prophet and of Ali the caliph. A wealthy merchant of Mecca, he was at first opposed to the religious movement initiated by his nephew Muhammad.
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, retook (1622) Kandahar. In 1611, Jahangir married a Persian widow, Nur Jahan, and she and her relatives soon dominated politics, while Jahangir devoted himself to cultivation of the arts, especially miniature painting. He welcomed foreign visitors to his court, granting trading privileges first to the Portuguese and then to the British East India Company. Civil strife and court intrigues marked the last years of Jahangir's reign. Shah Jahan, his son, succeeded him.

Bibliography

See B. Prasad, History of Jahangir (1922).

Jahangir

 

(also Jehangir; Persian, literally “conqueror of the world”; title as ruler). Born 1569; died 1627. Ruler of the state of the Great Moguls from 1605 to 1627. Son of Akbar.

Jahangir’s reign was marked by a weakening of central authority, an increase in the power and authority of the feudal jagirdars, and a flourishing of corruption. In 1613 he permitted the English East India Company to establish a trading station at Surat. In 1622 the Persians took the city of Kandahar, the “key” to the caravan trade, from the Moguls. Jahangir devoted little attention to affairs of state. His wife, Nur Jahan, had great political influence. Jahangir’s memoirs are entitled Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri.

WORKS

The Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri, or Memoirs of Jahangir. London, 1909.

REFERENCE

Kennedy, P. A History of the Great Moghuls, or A History of the Badshahate of Delhi, vols. 1-2. Calcutta, 1908-11.
References in periodicals archive ?
The construction was started in 1627 on death of Emperor Jahangir and it took ten years to built the tomb and cost one million coins to the Mughal exchequer.
In 1606 the Guru was burnt alive on a hotplate by Mughal Emperor Jahangir in an attempt to have him change religious scriptures.
The day marks the release of Guru Hargobind from from imprisonment in the famous fort of Gwalior by Emperor Jahangir in October, 1619.
In this case, new faces with physical features attributed to Shah Jahan [-] replace those of Emperor Jahangir, the original patron, and his sons.
The most important event associated with Diwali is the sixth Guru of Sikhs, Shri Guru Hargobind Singh Ji, being freed from imprisonment under Emperor Jahangir
The hill resort of Gulmarg has been summer retreat for the kings, including Yousuf Shah Chak and Mughal Emperor Jahangir.
Mughal emperor Jahangir wrote a letter to the then Sarvkhap General Secretary in this regard.
The motif of combating camels was derived from a well known picture by the great Persian master Kamal-al din Bihzad acquired by the Mughals and preserved in the Gulshan Album compiled by Emperor Jahangir between 1599 and 1618.
These were the words of Emperor Jahangir of the Mughal Dynasty of India.
It is thought to date from the time of crown prince Selim, who later became the emperor Jahangir, reigning from 1605-27.
For Sikhs, Diwali is celebrated as Bandhi Chhor Diwas (the Celebration of Freedom) and celebrates the release from prison of the sixth guru, Guru Hargobind, who rescued 52 Hindu kings held captive by Mughal Emperor Jahangir with him in the Gwalior Fort in 1619.
Diwali has also been significant in Sikhism since the illumination of the town of Amritsar, commemorating the return of Guru Har Gobind Ji (1595-1644), the sixth Guru of Sikhism, who along with 52 other Hindu kings was imprisoned by Emperor Jahangir.