Jahangir

(redirected from Emperor Jehangir)

Jahangir

or

Jehangir

(both: jəhän'gēr`), 1569–1627, MughalMughal
or Mogul
, Muslim empire in India, 1526–1857. The dynasty was founded by Babur, a Turkic chieftain who had his base in Afghanistan. Babur's invasion of India culminated in the battle of Panipat (1526) and the occupation of Delhi and Agra.
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 emperor of India (1605–27), son of AkbarAkbar
, 1542–1605, Mughal emperor of India (1556–1605); son of Humayun, grandson of Babur. He succeeded to the throne under a regent, Bairam Khan, who rendered loyal service in expanding and consolidating the Mughal domains before he was summarily dismissed (1560) by
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. He continued his father's policy of expansion. The Rajput principality of Mewar (Udaipur) capitulated in 1614. In the Deccan, Ahmadnagar was taken in 1616 and half of its kingdom annexed. In the northwest, however, the Persian ruler, Shah AbbasAbbas
, d. 653, uncle of Muhammad the Prophet and of Ali the caliph. A wealthy merchant of Mecca, he was at first opposed to the religious movement initiated by his nephew Muhammad.
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, retook (1622) Kandahar. In 1611, Jahangir married a Persian widow, Nur Jahan, and she and her relatives soon dominated politics, while Jahangir devoted himself to cultivation of the arts, especially miniature painting. He welcomed foreign visitors to his court, granting trading privileges first to the Portuguese and then to the British East India Company. Civil strife and court intrigues marked the last years of Jahangir's reign. Shah Jahan, his son, succeeded him.

Bibliography

See B. Prasad, History of Jahangir (1922).

Jahangir

 

(also Jehangir; Persian, literally “conqueror of the world”; title as ruler). Born 1569; died 1627. Ruler of the state of the Great Moguls from 1605 to 1627. Son of Akbar.

Jahangir’s reign was marked by a weakening of central authority, an increase in the power and authority of the feudal jagirdars, and a flourishing of corruption. In 1613 he permitted the English East India Company to establish a trading station at Surat. In 1622 the Persians took the city of Kandahar, the “key” to the caravan trade, from the Moguls. Jahangir devoted little attention to affairs of state. His wife, Nur Jahan, had great political influence. Jahangir’s memoirs are entitled Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri.

WORKS

The Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri, or Memoirs of Jahangir. London, 1909.

REFERENCE

Kennedy, P. A History of the Great Moghuls, or A History of the Badshahate of Delhi, vols. 1-2. Calcutta, 1908-11.
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Later, Punjab Minister for Education Rana Mashhood Ahmed Khan presided over a meeting of the senior officers related to conception and feasibility work of `Shahi Bagh' on River Ravi Bank near the tomb of late Mughal Emperor Jehangir.
The Mughal emperor Jehangir built an exquisite walled- garden -- the Chesmashahi around the springs.
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Situated adjacent to the Chesmashahi ( royal springs) gardens that were built by Mughal emperor Jehangir, the golf course was designed by Robert Trent of the United States.
The Mughal garden, called the Garoka or Jharoka, (meaning bay window) was built by Empress Nur Jahan, the wife of Emperor Jehangir, and it overlooks the lake.
THE LARGEST known Mughal painting in the world -- a life- size portrait of emperor Jehangir, who ruled from 1605 to 1627 -- will go under the hammer at the auction house Bonhams of London on April 5.
When Sir Thomas Roe, an emissary of Britain's King James I, made his way to Agra from Surat in a long and arduous journey to present his papers to the Moghul Emperor Jehangir, he left behind a detailed account of what he saw through the country during his travel.
Born on June 19, 1595, at Guru Ki Wadali near Amritsar, Guru Hargobind Sahib was the only son of the fifth Guru Arjan Dev, who was martyred by Mughal emperor Jehangir.
Guru Arjan Dev was arrested, brought to Delhi and tortured for five days on the orders of Emperor Jehangir, who believed the Guru had conspired against him, and ordered his execution.
Guru Arjun Dev was arrested and brought to Delhi where he was tortured for five days prior to his execution on the orders of Mughal Emperor Jehangir, who believed the Guru had conspired against him.