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Trajan

(Marcus Ulpius Trajanus) (trā`jən), c.A.D. 53–A.D. 117, Roman emperor (A.D. 98–A.D. 117). Born in Spain, he was the first non-Italian to become head of the empire. Trajan served in the East, in Germany, and in Spain. He was adopted in A.D. 97 by Emperor NervaNerva
(Marcus Cocceius Nerva) , c.A.D. 30–A.D. 98, Roman emperor (A.D. 96–A.D. 98). He had an honorable career as a statesman at Rome, and his reputation was blameless.
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, who died shortly afterward. A capable man, Trajan set about strengthening his regime by embarking on an aggressive foreign policy. In two wars against DaciaDacia
, ancient name of the European region corresponding roughly to modern Romania (including Transylvania). It was inhabited before the Christian era by a people who were called Getae by the Greeks and were called Daci by the Romans.
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 he brought that region, the parent of modern Romania, under Roman control. This conquest is commemorated by the sculptured Trajan's Column, which stands in the Forum of Trajan in Rome. Trajan then annexed Arabia Petraea, and in three campaigns he conquered the greater part of the Parthian empire, including Armenia and Upper Mesopotamia. On his way home from this campaign, he died in Cilicia. He was succeeded by Hadrian. Trajan was an able military organizer and civic administrator. He partially drained the Pontine Marshes and restored the Appian Way, and at Rome he built an aqueduct, a theater, and the immense Forum of Trajan, containing basilicas and libraries.

Bibliography

See F. A. Lepper, Trajan's Parthian War (1948); L. Rossi, Trajan's Column and the Dacian Wars (1972).

Trajan

 

(Marcus Ulpius Traianus). Born A.D. 53; died 117. Member of the Antonine dynasty and Roman emperor (98–117).

Under Trajan the empire reached its greatest territorial extent. As a result of the Dacian Wars (101–102 and 105–106), Dacia became a Roman province, and in 106 the Nabataean Kingdom was conquered and became the province of Arabia. War with the Parthians from 114 to 117 resulted in the occupation of Greater Armenia and the subjugation of all Mesopotamia. Under Hadrian, Trajan’s successor, all the captured provinces were lost, except Dacia and Arabia.

Trajan maintained harmonious relations with the Senate and freely granted the rights of Roman citizenship to provincials. He instituted the alimenta system in an effort to alleviate the destitution of city dwellers and of landowners with medium and small holdings. Under Trajan, ambitious public works were undertaken in Rome and the provinces. Trajan’s Forum in Rome is a splendid example of such public construction.

Trajan

Latin name Marcus Ulpius Traianus. ?53--117 ad, Roman emperor (98--117). He extended the empire to the east and built many roads, bridges, canals, and towns
References in periodicals archive ?
We can conclude from the text that the present milestone is indeed the result of the generosity of the emperor Trajan, 15 years or more before he undertook a significant role in the construction and funding of the road that connected western Crete with Gortyn.
Born about 40; by tradition he became ruler when the legal king, Duras, abdicated in his favor (85); unified and organized Dacia during war with Emperor Domitian (85-90); annihilated a Roman army (86 or 87), and despite a Roman victory at Tapae (in southwestern Transylvania) (88) gained a favorable peace with Domitian (90); taking advantage of Roman financial and technical aid, he improved his army and strengthened his kingdom; defeated in a new war with Rome (101-102), his capital of Sarmizigethusa (near Lugoj) was besieged and captured by Emperor Trajan (102); according to Roman sources, he broke the terms of the peace and led a revolt, invading the province of Moesia (northern Bulgaria) (105); defeated again, he committed suicide while fleeing from the Romans (106).
This canal was first established by the Pharaohs, and was restored and enlarged by the Roman Emperor Trajan.
Bucharest (Romania), May 16 (ANI): Archaeologists have discovered, in southeastern county of Caras-Severin in Romania, a complex structure estimated to be 2,000 years old belonging to Emperor Trajan of the Roman empire.
Fascinated with the human details, Hendo tells the story of the Dacians (from what we now call Romania) who resisted the Romans so fiercely that they were later recruited by the Emperor Trajan as auxiliary soldiers.
Condemned by the emperor Trajan to a daunting series of tortures, including being eaten by wild animals, Ignatius welcomed these with equanimity: "O salutary beasts," he cried, "when will they come, when will they be granted to me, when will they be allowed to use my flesh?
And it these rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates which have, since time began provided the lush, fertile conditions that attracted leaders such as Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander the Great and the Roman emperor Trajan to their banks.
The kiosk of the Roman Emperor Trajan is adjacent to Philae and was also saved by the UNESCO relocation project in 1964
Less than a year later the Roman Emperor Trajan came to power.
He held the consulship in 100, and in his speech of thanks to the emperor Trajan (Nerva's successor), he says this: