Valens

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Valens

(vä`lənz), c.328–378, Roman emperor of the East (364–78). Brother and coregent of Valentinian IValentinian I
, 321–75, Roman emperor of the West (364–75). He held high military rank under Julian and Jovian. After the death of Jovian, Valentinian was proclaimed emperor; he appointed his brother Valens coregent in the East.
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, Valens followed in most respects his brother's policies but, unlike him, embraced Arian Christianity (see ArianismArianism
, Christian heresy founded by Arius in the 4th cent. It was one of the most widespread and divisive heresies in the history of Christianity. As a priest in Alexandria, Arius taught (c.
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). An intolerant man, he sporadically persecuted orthodox Christians. At the beginning of his reign he put down the revolt of Procopius. He initiated warfare against the VisigothsVisigoths
(West Goths), division of the Goths, one of the most important groups of Germans. Having settled in the region W of the Black Sea in the 3d cent. A.D., the Goths soon split into two divisions, the Ostrogoths and the Visigoths.
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 under Athanaric and defeated them in 369. His attitude toward the Persian threat to Armenia was indecisive, but in 376 peace was made. He admitted the Visigoths under Fritigern into the empire. Dissatisfied with the Romans, they rebelled, and in 378, Valens was killed in the battle of Adrianople, in which two thirds of the Roman army was destroyed, leaving the Eastern Empire virtually defenseless. He was succeeded by Theodosius ITheodosius I
or Theodosius the Great,
346?–395, Roman emperor of the East (379–95) and emperor of the West (394–95), son of Theodosius, the general of Valentinian I.
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.
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Valens

?328--378 ad, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire (364--378); appointed by his elder brother Valentinian I, emperor of the Western Empire
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
On another occasion later, the emperor Valens was attacked while asleep by a certain Sallustius, one of his scutarii (Amm.
Such a presumption also renders superfluous the involvement of bishop Valens in the matter, and completely ignores Philostorgius' claim that the Emperor Valens wished to see Eunomius after his recall, but that bishop Eudoxius contrived to prevent this.
The defeated Visigoths and Ostrogoths both desperately petitioned the Eastern emperor Valens to be admitted as laeti, in order to survive as independent peoples.
Son of a Vandal in the service of Emperor Valens (r.
Although it is uncertain as to when construction began on it, according to many sources it was completed during the reign of Emperor Valens, whose name it bears.
The Huns' reputation for ferocity drove the Goths westward to the Danube, where they asked the Eastern Roman Emperor Valens for asylum within Roman territory.
Birth date, parentage, and early career unknown; he first appears as an important general when he was sent to Britain by Valentinian to repulse a Pict invasion supported by Saxon sea rovers; his task was not an easy one, but in two well-run campaigns he repulsed both enemies, and restored both the frontier and public order; he was helped by his son, also named Theodosius (368-369); he was next sent to Mauretania to suppress the revolt of Firmus, a Moorish leader there (371); he defeated Firmus in a swift and efficient campaign, ending in Firmus' suicide (371/372); despite these services, Theodosius was executed, possibly on the order of jealous Emperor Valens (376).
Ulfilas, who was famous both among the Goths and the Romans, went to Antioch to plead the Goths' case with Emperor Valens. The emperor considered the request and days went by as he discussed matters with his advisers.