Emphatic Consonant

(redirected from Emphatic consonants)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Emphatic Consonant

 

a consonant with an extra articulatory characteristic produced by an increase in glottal laryngeal tension upon articulation. Emphatic consonants in Semitic languages are produced by pharyngealization.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
in this article by transliteration of the emphatic consonants with
will also be transliterated as from Arabic , even if the recipient language now uses a script other than Arabic." This explains why the Persian words have gemination, /w/, and emphatic consonants. Concerning gemination, Gernot Windfuhr notes that the phonetic realization of gemination is confined to the formal registers of the language, "but even there appears to be rare" ("Persian Phonology," in Phonologies of Asia and Africa, ed.
Lonnet and Simeone-Serelle also confirm that the emphatic consonants of MSA are glottalized rather than pharyngealized, placing MSA with Ethiopic, against Arabic; this supports the conclusion that Proto-Semitic emphatics were glottalized ejectives.
They were articulated with the root of the tongue retracted toward the pharyngeal wall; the initial consonants of such syllables were like Russian hard consonants, or probably even more strongly pharyngealized like the emphatic consonants of Arabic.