It follows that we are familiar with championship by means of its concepts (such as the champion, audience, etc), which carry empirical content
. Championship, therefore, has a broader meaning, which according to Gallie lies in the need for continuity, even when the effective champion has been declared: "There is, therefore, continuous competition between the contestant teams, not only for acknowledgement as champions, but for acceptance of (...) the proper criteria of championship." (40)
Bergstrom posits that Quine's empiricism motivates the ecumenic position whereas naturalism motivates sectarianism: Quine identifies empirical equivalence and sameness of empirical content
. Empirically equivalent theories can be logically incompatible.
(7) Therefore, I have no knowledge, of any mental state with empirical content
p, that p is true.
. Of these criteria, the empirical content
of the RBV is especially critical: a careful rephrasing of its hypotheses could evidence a tautological and self-verifying nature (Priem & Butler, 2001a, 2001b).
What we are doing is examining the empirical content
of mathematically complex publications in economics.
As a summary it may be said roughly that from 'pure' mathematics, which was not supposed even to be a science as it lacked empirical content
, we established 'applied mathematics,' which dealt with empirical results.
Using new techniques to study the coherence of international interest rates at high frequency, along with an examination of capital mobility policies and a data-based classification of exchange rate regimes, Obstfeld and his co-authors look at the empirical content
of the trilemma based on consistent data over more than 130 years.
The empirical content
in most sections is very dated and bears little evidence of critical appraisal to draw robust conclusions on the current state of knowledge.
But the general idea is that the very possibility of empirical content
depends on the rationalization of empirical belief by perceptual experience.
There is a good deal of valuable analysis and theorizing in this book, but little new empirical content
The book integrates its empirical content
with a wide-ranging and focused examination of the arguments put forward to explain women's under-representation in the ranks of senior management in the United Kingdom after two decades of antidiscrimination and equal pay legislation.
The empirical content
of Nash-bargained household behavior.