empirical

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Related to Empirical observation: empirically

empirical

1. (of medical treatment) based on practical experience rather than scientific proof
2. Philosophy
a. (of knowledge) derived from experience rather than by logic from first principles
b. (of a proposition) subject, at least theoretically, to verification
3. of or relating to medical quackery

empirical

  1. derived from systematic observation or experiment, as against speculative assertion or merely theoretical knowledge.
  2. factually true but, as yet, theoretically unexplained. See also EMPIRICISM, ABSTRACTED EMPIRICISM, EMPIRICAL SOCIOLOGY.

empirical

[em′pir·ə·kəl]
(science and technology)
Based on actual measurement, observation, or experience, rather than on theory.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contrary to natural sciences, where the starting point is the uncertainty of outcomes, ceteris paribus laws in economics begin with this prior knowledge, because there is no reference to direct empirical observation, while conducting a thought experiment.
At its worst, it seems to be something like fideism (reality is not disputed, but we cannot truly know it or know it fully by empirical observation or reasoning).
10] Bitter disagreements and debates ensued about the proper relationship between tradition, experience, empirical observation and the clinical sciences in regard to bloodletting.
As a sociological concept, born from empirical observation and not from normative reasoning, the model shifts our perspective to those processes that are deemed to be significant by the researcher.
bar]'s approach to the status of scientific discourse is further clarified in the case of eclipses--regarding which the Prophet had ordained prayer until they end--when he reconciles possible tensions between Prophetic Tradition and empirical observation by stressing that religious ritual and astronomical predication relate to separate spheres and discourses (p.
When sensational new discoveries are counter to empirical observation, caution is mandatory.
Graham says Austen's "overarching values--keeping faith with plausibility as empirical observation understands it, deriving details from real life, relying on fresh language rather than cant phrases--are not announced but [can] be inferred inductively" (17).
The ability of photography and film to document empirical observation forms the topic of the first four essays, which collect and discuss visual evidence ranging from concentration camp footage (Ulrike Weckel) through visual representations of Argentinean Virtue prize-winners (Maria Fernanda Lorenzo, Ana Lia Rey, and Cecilia Toussounian) to photographic work by Ellen Hellmann (Marijke du Toit) and Eadweard Maybridge (Elspeth Brown).
Through analysis of Oviedo's diverse verbal and visual representations of the pineapple, for example, Myers argues that Oviedo came to rely less on European conceptual models and more on empirical observation in an attempt to convey its appearance.
The author is not familiar with common philosophical terminology: scientific deduction is said to be based on empirical observation (pp.
The choice of focus is influenced either by the angle of empirical observation or by one's theoretical starting point, which may involve taking an a priori ontological or epistemological position" (p.
He also brought to it a scholarly insistence on enquiry and respect for empirical observation.

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