Plein Air

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Related to En plein air: synthetism, Japonisme

Plein Air

 

a term used in painting to denote the portrayal of the broad range of light changes caused by sunlight and air. Plein-air painting developed as a result of the work of artists who painted outdoors directly from nature in order to render more accurately the appearance of the natural world.

The earliest paintings executed en plein air are the works of several 17th-century Italian Renaissance artists. However, the principles of plein-air painting actually became popular in the first half of the 19th century. The technique was adopted by J. Constable in England and A. A. Ivanov in Russia. In the mid-19th century, it was adopted by the Barbizon school (T. Rousseau, J. Dupré, N. V. Diaz de la Peña, C.-F. Daubigny) and C. Corot. Plein-air painting was much valued in the second half of the 19th century by the impressionists, including C. Monet, C. Pissarro, and A. Renoir. In Russia, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, noteworthy plein-air paintings were executed by V. D. Polenov, I. I. Levitan, V. A. Serov, K. A. Koro-vin, and I. E. Grabar’. Interest in the technique has continued in 20th-century art.

REFERENCE

Liaskovskaia, O. A. Plener ν russkoi zhivopisi XIX veka. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
A seamless journey, interrupted only by the opportunity to enjoy a second breakfast of omelette au fromage faite aux oeufs de poules elevees en plein air, bacon grille du Yorkshire.
D'autres manifestations en plein air suivront ; comme des cours francophones et des animations sur le Chemin de la Francophonie a Ohrid et dans le Parc de la Francophonie a Skopje.
Ils font entre autres du colportage, des predications en plein air et a la radio, et distribuent des traites et des Bibles.
Impressionists, in contrast, attempted to capture actual effects of sunlight by painting en plein air, or out-of-doors.
Elle sera cE[umlaut]lE[umlaut]brE[umlaut]e populairement et aura lieu dans plusieurs endroits, en plein air, offrat de plus grandes possibilitE[umlaut]s aux jeunes de manifester leurs dons en musique tout en E[umlaut]tant l'occasion pour eux de partager leur art et leur amour pour la musique avec un public plus large.
Alson Skinner Clark's (1876-1949) life and work is examined in this text, including his early studies at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Art Students League of New York, and The Chase School of Art; his extensive travels in Europe, his relocation to Pasadena, and his continued devotion to painting en plein air.
En Plein Air,by Maurice Cockrill, shows at theRoyal Cambrian Academy,Conwy, until Sunday 18 April.
Landscape architecture (often mistakenly considered the handmaiden of architecture) is all ambience and therefore little understood in the confines of a museum, Curator Aaron Betsky made a smart move then in organizing an exhibition of five landscape projects en plein air, and not even in some artificially created zone.
The "dogface" (as infantrymen used to be called) attended the opera en plein air with a "date," with a woman old enough to be his mother, whose daughter might have been his sister.
These etchings, many of which he achieved en plein air, are exquisitely refined; bridges and canals, draped balconies, glimpsed gardens; he explores the Venice of beautiful facades.
This also is a great opportunity to mix and mingle with fellow artists with a shared passion for life, art, and en plein air painting.
Se deroulant generalement en plein air, dans le site paysager de Tidessi, le Fiataa prevoit, en plus des grands spectacles de musique de la region du Sahel, des ateliers dedies au tifinagh, aux danses et musiques traditionnelles africaines, aux arts plastiques et a l'artisanat local.