Plein Air

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Related to En plein air: synthetism, Japonisme

Plein Air


a term used in painting to denote the portrayal of the broad range of light changes caused by sunlight and air. Plein-air painting developed as a result of the work of artists who painted outdoors directly from nature in order to render more accurately the appearance of the natural world.

The earliest paintings executed en plein air are the works of several 17th-century Italian Renaissance artists. However, the principles of plein-air painting actually became popular in the first half of the 19th century. The technique was adopted by J. Constable in England and A. A. Ivanov in Russia. In the mid-19th century, it was adopted by the Barbizon school (T. Rousseau, J. Dupré, N. V. Diaz de la Peña, C.-F. Daubigny) and C. Corot. Plein-air painting was much valued in the second half of the 19th century by the impressionists, including C. Monet, C. Pissarro, and A. Renoir. In Russia, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, noteworthy plein-air paintings were executed by V. D. Polenov, I. I. Levitan, V. A. Serov, K. A. Koro-vin, and I. E. Grabar’. Interest in the technique has continued in 20th-century art.


Liaskovskaia, O. A. Plener ν russkoi zhivopisi XIX veka. Moscow, 1966.
References in periodicals archive ?
D'autres manifestations en plein air suivront ; comme des cours francophones et des animations sur le Chemin de la Francophonie a Ohrid et dans le Parc de la Francophonie a Skopje.
Delanty paints en plein air and at his studio to create original works for reproduction at Gango Editions.
Ils font entre autres du colportage, des predications en plein air et a la radio, et distribuent des traites et des Bibles.
The subject matter is mainly seascapes painted from photographs and en plein air.
Impressionists, in contrast, attempted to capture actual effects of sunlight by painting en plein air, or out-of-doors.
JEUDI 28 JUIN Ea 2OHProjection publique en plein air pour tousEntrE[umlaut]e libreDistribution de jus de fruits et ballonsPremiE re partie: A1/2-La flE[c]te magique-e, film d'animation de Gayle Thomas, 7 mnsDeuxiE me partie: A1/2-Le Ballon rouge-e, film d'Albert Lamorisse, 36 mns-, prE[umlaut]sentE[umlaut] par Ahmed Bedjaoui, A1/2-le passeur du 7e Art-e, producteur et critique de cinE[umlaut]ma qui anime pour notre plus grand plaisir les sE[umlaut]ances mensuelles du cinE[umlaut]-club au Centre Culturel franE*ais et apporte toujours un E[umlaut]clairage nouveau et une autre dimension aux Eouvres visionnE[umlaut]es.
Alson Skinner Clark's (1876-1949) life and work is examined in this text, including his early studies at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, the Art Students League of New York, and The Chase School of Art; his extensive travels in Europe, his relocation to Pasadena, and his continued devotion to painting en plein air.
En Plein Air,by Maurice Cockrill, shows at theRoyal Cambrian Academy,Conwy, until Sunday 18 April.
Landscape architecture (often mistakenly considered the handmaiden of architecture) is all ambience and therefore little understood in the confines of a museum, Curator Aaron Betsky made a smart move then in organizing an exhibition of five landscape projects en plein air, and not even in some artificially created zone.
The "dogface" (as infantrymen used to be called) attended the opera en plein air with a "date," with a woman old enough to be his mother, whose daughter might have been his sister.
This also is a great opportunity to mix and mingle with fellow artists with a shared passion for life, art, and en plein air painting.
L es pieds dans l'eau, le cinema en plein air, la population et les estivants de Harhoura et ses environs profiteront jusqu'au 26 aout courant du film comique marocain dans tous ses etats.