Enakievo Metallurgical Works

Enakievo Metallurgical Works

 

a ferrous-metallurgy enterprise of the USSR. It is located in the Donbas, in the city of Enakievo. It was founded by the Russo-Belgian Metallurgical Society in 1895 and went into operation in 1897; until 1921 it was called the Petrovskii Works. At the start of World War I it was one of the largest metallurgical works in Russia. Workers there participated in the Gorlovka armed uprising of 1905. In 1917 a Red Guard detachment was formed at the works and fought for the establishment of Soviet power.

In 1921 the Enakievo Metallurgical Works gave V. I. Lenin its “communist promissory note”—a prototype of present-day socialist obligations—saying that plants of the Southern Steel Industry Trust would produce 10 million poods (180,000 tons) of metal. During the prewar five-year plans (1929–40) the works was rebuilt and expanded. By 1940 the volume of metal production had increased by 2.4 times over 1913.

During the fascist German occupation of the city (1941–43) the plant was destroyed. Its restoration began immediately after the expulsion of the occupying forces. By the start of 1944 the first cast iron was turned out. The plant was fundamentally reconstructed: new blast furnaces, blooming mills, a continuous ingot mill, a “250” continuous wire mill, and an oxygen converter shop were built. In 1970 the production of cast iron was three times greater than in 1940, and steel production was up 4.5 times; production of rolled products was four times greater. The enterprise was awarded the Order of the Red Banner of Labor in 1966.

S. M. BUINEVICH

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In 2002 the realization of the first stage of reconstruction of oxygen-converter shop of Enakievo Metallurgical Works was finished, resulting in creating a flexible technological module (ladle-furnace and six-passage high-speed section MCCB), combined with operation of converter of 160 t capacity.