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The application of a vitreous glaze to pottery or metal surfaces, followed by fusing in a kiln or furnace.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the production of a nontransparent enamel-like film on aluminum and aluminum alloys as a result of anodizing in chromatoborate solutions or solutions containing salts of titanium, zirconium, thorium, or other elements. The milky colored films are usually 10–20 μm thick. Organic dyes are used to impart color. Enameled items have a more attractive appearance and improved resistance against the action of thermal shock, corrosive media, organic solvents, and food products. Enameling is used in the manufacture of lighting equipment, medical instruments, commercial items, sanitary-engineering equipment, and various instruments.


Rozenboim, G. B. Ematalirovanie v sudovom mashinostroenii, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1976.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.