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Encarnación(ĕngkärnäsyōn`), city (1992 pop. 56,261), capital of Itapúa dept., SE Paraguay, a port on the Paraná River. It is the commercial center for a rich agricultural region. Industries in the city produce textiles, food products, timber, and hides. Encarnación was founded as a Jesuit mission in 1632. It was almost completely destroyed by a tornado in 1926. The Yacyretá hydroelectric dam spans the Paraná near the city.
a city in Paraguay. Capital of Itapúa Department. Population, 41,000 (1972). Encarnación, a river port on the Paraná, is linked by railroad with Asunción and by railroad ferry with Posadas, Argentina. Paraguay’s second leading economic center, the city produces tanning extract and has food-processing, cotton-ginning, leather and footwear, and lumber enterprises. It exports maté, lumber, rice, cotton, and tobacco. Encarnación was founded in 1614.