Encephalopathy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Financial, Wikipedia.

encephalopathy

[en‚sef·ə′läp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease of the brain.

Encephalopathy

 

a collective term that designates a noninflammatory organic disease of the brain. Some encephalopathies are innate, resulting from embryopathy. Others are the result of infection, poisoning, trauma, or vascular disease of the brain. There are no specific manifestations. The most common encephalopathies resemble neuroses (asthenia, irritability, insomnia, headaches) or psychoses (narrowed scope of interests, passivity, emotional instability, vulgarity). Symptoms may include memory loss or mental deterioration.

Alcoholic encephalopathies are alcoholic psychoses. They may be acute, as in Wernicke’s encephalopathy (named for the German neuropathologist C. Wernicke, who described the condition in 1881), or chronic, as in Korsakov’s psychosis (named for S. S. Korsakov) and alcoholic pseudoparalysis. Lead encephalopathy is caused by chronic poisoning by lead salts.

Treatment for encephalopathies depends on the cause of the disease.

References in periodicals archive ?
BSE (bovine spongiform encephalopathy) is one of the most common neurological disorder found in cattle that results from a transmissible agent called a prion.
[32] Seizures are the most common presenting symptom (90%) followed by encephalopathy, visual disturbances, headache and focal neurological deficits.
Neonatal neurological examination in infants with hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy: correlation with MRI findings.
Hepatic encephalopathy in chronic liver disease: 2014 Practice Guideline by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the European Association for the Study of the Liver.
Additionally, as injury to the brain is not static the clinical neurological examination should be repeated at 1-2-hour intervals within the first 6 hours of life to identify neonates with progression of encephalopathy (mild to moderate/severe) who would then be eligible for TH.
Hashimoto encephalopathy should be considered in the differential diagnosis of encephalopathy, when infectious, neoplastic, autoimmune, toxic and metabolic causes are excluded.
"When you suffer from encephalopathy, there is not much that doctors can do, therefore the focus is to try to get patient's blood glucose levels under control from the very beginning and to try to avoid the spectrum of diabetes-related complications, of which encephalopathy is one.
Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) remains a devastating condition with about 60% risk of death or severe disability in survivors of moderate and severe HIE.
KEYWORDS: Cirrhosis, Hepatitis, Hepatic encephalopathy, Zinc level.
We postulate that as a disease entity PRES is not entirely separate from hypertensive encephalopathy and may represent a radiographically imaged and more severe presentation of the same disease process, now identifiable because of the availability of MRI.
Patients typically present with mild encephalopathy following prodromal symptoms such as fever, cough, vomiting and/or diarrhea.
To provide more details to FDA, Bellicum performed safety analysis in a database of BPX-501 and screened all patients for encephalopathy events, Amin tells investors in a research note.