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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



isolating a certain enemy grouping from the remainder of enemy troops in order to subsequently destroy or capture the grouping.

Encirclement is most often achieved when the enemy defense is broken through in two or more sectors of the front and the attack develops along converging axes. As a result, a solid internal front and an active external front are created, cutting the surrounded grouping off from the remainder of its forces. Encirclement may be carried out during pursuit of a retreating enemy, when defending troops conduct counterattacks and counter-strikes along converging axes, and when troops are operating along a coastal axis and the enemy is pressed against the sea and cut off from other forces. A superiority over the enemy in forces and weapons is ordinarily established during actions with the objective of encirclement. Sometimes, under favorable conditions, encirclement is possible with equal forces. The surrounded enemy grouping is blockaded from the air and, on coastal axes, from the sea.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Soviet forces successfully encircled and routed major enemy groupings in the battle of Stalingrad of 1942–43, the Korsun’-Shevchenkovskii operation of 1944, the Iasi-Kishinev operation of 1944, the Byelorussian operation of 1944, the Budapest operation of 1944–45, the East Prussian operation of 1945, and the Berlin operation of 1945.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The increase in AL does not show progression, and stabilization of AL is noted 12 months after SB.24 We used encirclement SB in 24 patients and segmental SB in nine patients.
"They (Indians) are not doing the things that would constitute encirclement, for lack of a better term, which is one of the things that the Pakistan complains about," Anton said, thus strongly refuting the allegations in this regard, latest of which was mentioned in the statement issued by the Pakistan Foreign Office.
Nonetheless, the stress on the ultimate encirclement and especially destruction of the French forces remained the essence of the plan.
The encirclement set the stage for a prolonged siege that the government hopes will eventually starve out and force the rebels to surrender, a tactic Assad's forces have used elsewhere.
E[currency]AM (CyHAN)- A humanitarian convoy has reached the besieged Syrian town of Madaya with life-saving health and food supplies from the United Nations and its partners for the 42,000 desperate residents after reports of people starving to death under encirclement by pro-Government forces.
With the 100m Charlton Mires turbine, this would further extend the encirclement of South Charlton by turbines.
My-HD subscribers will have the opportunity to watch, H2's upcoming programme line-up, which includes Brad Meltzer's Decoded, a new 11-part series in which Meltzer scours secret clues, symbols and conspiracy theories to unravel some of society's most provocative enigmas; Following which is Soviet Storm: WWII, that explores some of the most devastating battles of the war -- from the Red Army's catastrophic encirclement of Kiev in 1941 to the notorious Rzhev meat-grinder.
Chinese Communist forces infiltrated large numbers of troops into North Korea and lured Eighth Army and X Corps into extending their supply lines to the point where the Chinese technique of double envelopment and encirclement was favorable, given a superior number of troops.
Russia is paranoid about encirclement by potential enemies and with the loss of 20 million Russian lives in World War Two, one can understand why.
Later, the South Stockton Link was driven through a sensitive part of the Tees corridor to feed Stockton - virtually completing the toxic encirclement of our town.
Referring to the future, he talked of conflicts amidst uncertainties on whether the US pivot to Asia would mean a reversion to a new Cold War based now on encirclement and containment of what some erroneously call as the 'China threat'.
Furuya said he was visiting Mongolia as part of Japan's "encirclement" policy on North Korea by strengthening ties with countries that have diplomatic relations with Pyongyang and are sympathetic to Japan over the abduction issue.