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Related to Enclitic: proclitic


Enclitics are reduced or contracted forms of words. They are attached to the word that precedes them by an apostrophe, and they are dependent on that word for their meaning.
Enclitics generally consist of just one consonant sound and cannot stand on their own. In English, they are usually the unstressed forms of functional words such as auxiliary verbs, determiners, participles, and pronouns. As such, they have grammatical rather than lexical meaning (compared with suffixes, which create new words through inflection).
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an unstressed word that in speech becomes attached to the previous stressed word. The two words together form an accentual unit, or phonetic word. The most common enclitics in Russian are particles, such as by, zhe, -ka, li, and -to, as in gdé-by and ddi-ka. Pronouns, nouns, and verbs, depending on the context, can also function as enclitics, as in the sentence Gdé byl étot chelovék? (“Where was that man?”)

References in periodicals archive ?
Manzini and Savoia (661) point out that there is no connection between the use of postnominal possessives and enclitic possessives with kinship terms.
On Greek enclitics, see Herbert Weir Smyth, Greek Grammar, ed.
It should be noted here that the precise function of the enclitics -n and -y is not entirely certain.
For the 3rd person plural, masculine direct object pronouns are "Ii" (1), "gli" (1), "i" (1), and enclitic "1i" (1).
Commentary is provided as to the degree of regularity in rendering the category of number in the declension paradigms, the phenomenon of secondary declension, the grammatical categories of predicate person, number and tense, the enclitic marking dichotomy (present or not).
In this article we examine the enclitic -mm in Amharic and its claimed functions as topic marker and coordinative conjunction.
The brief text ends with the song-word vocable o, rhyming with the Purposive enclitic -no, which ends the previous line.
Perhaps the repetition is made in mock deference to the dead man, who was surely no Apollo, but a leaden-eyed grammarian who "mastered learning's crabbed text," "Sucked at the flagon" of the soul, and "Gave us the doctrine of the enclitic De, / Dead from the waist down.
While the American translators reduce the copula jest to the enclitic, the first German translator chooses ellipsis.
iii 15): The author interprets ma-ra-al-le-en as a first person voluntative (jussive) with the absolutive enclitic =t(ta) on e-ra-ta-at as its expressed first person agent.
Among their topics are the role of verbal morphology in established genealogical relations among languages, identifying the language of an unintelligible Scandinavian runic inscription, inclusive and exclusive in Altaic languages, gerunds in the Old Turkic and Mongol versions of "The Hungry Tigress," and enclitic zero verbs in some Eurasian languages.
Tarlinskaya claims that when an enclitic occurs in an iambic line with the stronger element in an unstressed position, it must sometimes be scanned as a spondee, for both "semantic" and "metrical reasons" (131).