Encolpion


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Encolpion

 

(also panagia). (1) A small icon worn on the chest as a kind of medallion, depicting the Virgin Mary. En-colpia were often outstanding works of miniature sculpture, executed in metal (cast or hammered, with enamel, yarn, or niello), ivory, wood, or soft stone. In Russia, they were used as bishops’ insignia.

(2) Iconographic type of the Virgin Mary, depicted as an orant with the infant Christ, in a medallion worn on the chest.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.