Tatian

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Tatian

(tā`shən), 2d cent., Christian apologist. Probably born in Syria, he was a pupil of Justin MartyrJustin Martyr, Saint,
c.A.D. 100–c.A.D. 165, Christian apologist, called also Justin the Philosopher. Born in Samaria of pagan parents, he studied philosophy, and after his conversion in Ephesus to Christianity at about the age of 38, he went from place to place trying to
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. After his master's death, he left Christianity, becoming an Encratitic Gnostic—i.e., he regarded all matter as evil and denied the salvation of Adam. While a Christian, he wrote Oratio ad Graecos [address to the Greeks] (152–55), a defense of Christianity bolstered by a bitter attack on Greek arts, philosophers, and institutions, and the Diatessaron, a harmony of the four Gospels that was long the only life of Jesus available in Syria.
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The second study is less about the "families" of the apostles than of their "married status." Noting that "the renunciation of getting married.., and the forbidding of marriage" first appears not in the New Testament but "among those who practice Platonizing dualistic gnosis and among the radical, ascetic Encratites of the second century" (115), H.
the extreme ascetic Encratites, said to have been founded by Tatian, might more fairly be considered issues of "life-style" rather than heresies proper.
He continues to hold, like Origen, that we enter the world with a legacy of sin, but is now no more inclined than Origen to deny that our salvation rests primarily on the choices of the present life; and, while he may be an advocate of moderate self-denial, he cannot join the Encratites in cursing all that comes of flesh and blood (pp.
Peter calls them Tatiani, the traditional term for the rigorist schools of early Christians known as "Encratites" (the Greek, enkrateia, means "continence").