Rerum Novarum

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Rerum Novarum

 

(literally, “of new things”), an encyclical issued by Pope Leo XIII on May 15, 1891. Rerum novarum, which was directed against socialism and the working-class movement, reflected the adaptation of the Catholic Church and the papacy to capitalism and to the defense of the principles of bourgeois society, after centuries of defending and supporting feudal absolutist regimes. The encyclical took note of new phenomena in economics and social relations, including the development of industrialism, the concentration of capital in the hands of a few, the increasing poverty among the broad masses of the people, and the deepening of social conflicts. Although Rerum novarum expressed sympathy for the working people, it preached that private property and the class division of society would always exist. Moreover, the encyclical resolutely opposed socialism, and called for the repudiation of the class struggle and for class collaboration.

Attributing all the world’s misfortunes to original sin, Rerum novarum declared that suffering is the lot of mankind. To counteract class organizations of workers, the encyclical proposed the creation of workers’ organizations headed by the clergy and based on the principles of collaboration between labor and capital.

The basic principles enunciated in Rerum novarum regarding new world phenomena laid the foundation for other social encyclicals, including Quadragesimo anno (1931), which marked the 40th anniversary of Rerum novarum, and Mater et magistra (1961), which marked the 70th anniversary, as well as the apostolic letter “Octogesimo adveniens” (1971), which marked the 80th anniversary.

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From Pope Leo XIII's groundbreaking encyclical Rerum Novarum (On Capital and Labor) in 1891 to more recent affirmations of this message by Sts.
in his encyclical Rerum novarum. A quick glance at the evolution through
I also implore Catholic leaders not to weaken their long and extraordinary commitment to social justice concerns in society that began with Pope Leo XIII's 1891 encyclical Rerum Novarum and has continued with Pope Francis' 2015 encyclical "Laudato Si', on Care for Our Common Home."
For example, the very first social encyclical Rerum Novarum of Pope Leo XIII that was published in 1891 clearly stated that man must never be treated as an instrument but rather as an end in himself.
He accounts for the social justice encyclical Rerum Novarum, referring to the influence of the English prelate Cardinal Manning (1808-1892), both in its conception and popularisation; and, in the Australian context, the advocacy of Cardinal Moran (1830-1911) in Sydney and across Australia, of social justice and freedom for workers.
In the spring of 1891, Pope Leo XIII promulgated the encyclical Rerum Novarum, on the "new things" of the modern world, particularly the relationship between capital and labor, following revolutions in politics, economics, and society.
Leo XIII was perhaps most famous for the social encyclical Rerum Novarum ("Of New Things"), wherein the Pope, for the first time, spoke on the matter of social justice and inequality, particularly supporting the right of labor to form unions, and seeking to ameliorate the working conditions of the poor.
There is, of course, no trace of racial superiority in his encyclical Rerum novarum. But one cannot deny that the world has suffered much from a nation of "supermen" like the Nazis.
Adolph Kolping, a Catholic priest, who is not mentioned in this study, had promoted the corporative way of Social Catholicism, and he had exerted a strong influence on Archbishop Ketteler, who was one of the most influential counsellors of Pope Leo XIII when he prepared the encyclical Rerum novarum. It is true that Rerum novarum criticizes socialism, but it gives, at the same time, as Bennette certainly knows, Catholic answers to the social question.
His main source of inspiration in economics was the encyclical Rerum Novarum issued by Pope Leo XIII in 1891, from which he derived four basic principles or normative criteria that characterise a 'satisfactory regime' of the economic system: 'justice in exchange', a 'sufficient production', the 'right to live', and the 'right to rest'.
Since the issuance of the encyclical Rerum Novarum in 1891, many popes have issued encyclicals and documents advocating the common good for all people in the world.
Pope Leo XIII is often heralded as ushering in a new engagement with the modern world with his encyclical Rerum novarum, but L.