Encyclopaedia Britannica

Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

the oldest and one of the most famous universal encyclopedias in the capitalist world.

The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes in Edinburgh from 1768 to 1771. On the whole, the first eight editions were not of a very high standard. K. Marx, who used the eighth edition of the encyclopedia, remarked (based on his study of the articles on military and historical subjects) in a letter to F. Engels on July 16, 1857, that this encyclopedia was “copied almost verbatim from German and French publications” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, p. 123). The ninth edition (1875-89, in 25 volumes) of the Britannica showed considerable improvement, especially in the sections on the natural and exact sciences. The 11th edition (1910-11, in 29 volumes) is considered to be the best: the content was broadened, biographies of living figures were included for the first time, and the scientific content of a number of articles was highly esteemed by contemporaries. The extremely well-compiled index was also noteworthy. In 1929 the 14th edition of the Britannica was published in 24 volumes; it was the last edition to be numbered. Since that time the Britannica has been published using the so-called continuous revision system, according to which a small portion of the articles are revised at the time of each annual reprinting. Some American and British scholars, in analyzing the Encyclopaedia Britannica, have noted that most of the articles have been reprinted for many years without any changes although many of them contain outmoded, erroneous information.

The predominant type of article is an extended survey of a broad subject, as a result of which the number of entries is comparatively small (averaging 40,000 terms). The publishers of the Britannica draw upon scholars from approximately 50 countries to write the articles. Many questions of history, philosophy, politics, and economics are explained from anticommunist points of view.

At the beginning of the 20th century a joint Anglo-American venture was formed to work on the Britannica, a fact which has led to its transformation into a British-American encyclopedia both in content and in the basic staff of authors and editors. Since the early 1940’s the Britannica has been published in Chicago by Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., headed by W. Benton (died 1973). An editorial section of the Britannica has been retained in London. Since 1938 yearbooks entitled Britannica Book of the Year . . . have been brought out (in separate American and British editions).

In 1947, four supplementary volumes of the Britannica were published, reflecting the events of 1937-46 connected with World War II and its preparation and consequences. For the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, in 1968, three volumes were issued containing major articles on various branches of knowledge. In 1969 announcements appeared in the press concerning the initial stage of preparing a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

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Encyclopaedia Britannica, global digital media company with products that promote knowledge and learning, has inducted Indian High School, Dubai in the prestigious Britannica President's Club for South Asia.
Educational publisher Encyclopaedia Britannica on Wednesday announced that its new app for smartphones and tablets is now available for download on the iPad and iPhone via the iTunes App Store.
YEARS ago families with a thirst for knowledge would invest in a set of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.
Dubai If you plan on being stranded for the winter in the Antarctic sometime soon, you better change your plan now: There's no more Encyclopaedia Britannica to keep you warm.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica, which has been in continuous print since it was first published in Edinburgh, Scotland in 1768, said on Wednesday it will end publication of its printed editions and continue with digital versions available online.
14 ( ANI ): After 244 years, the Encyclopaedia Britannica is going out of print.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica is now available as an iPad App, publisher Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc said today.
On Monday, Minister Grant will be launching the Western Cape Education Department (WCED) Encyclopaedia Britannica Education Pilot programme at the Cape Teaching and Leadership Institute.
The poll of 500 parents of schoolchildren for Britannica Online, the online version of Encyclopaedia Britannica, found men scored better than women, answering on average 27.
A concise version of Encyclopaedia Britannica, which was first published seven years ago, wrongly described the 1922 conflict over partition as a war between Catholics in the south and Protestants in the north.