Encyclopaedia Britannica

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Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

the oldest and one of the most famous universal encyclopedias in the capitalist world.

The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes in Edinburgh from 1768 to 1771. On the whole, the first eight editions were not of a very high standard. K. Marx, who used the eighth edition of the encyclopedia, remarked (based on his study of the articles on military and historical subjects) in a letter to F. Engels on July 16, 1857, that this encyclopedia was “copied almost verbatim from German and French publications” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, p. 123). The ninth edition (1875-89, in 25 volumes) of the Britannica showed considerable improvement, especially in the sections on the natural and exact sciences. The 11th edition (1910-11, in 29 volumes) is considered to be the best: the content was broadened, biographies of living figures were included for the first time, and the scientific content of a number of articles was highly esteemed by contemporaries. The extremely well-compiled index was also noteworthy. In 1929 the 14th edition of the Britannica was published in 24 volumes; it was the last edition to be numbered. Since that time the Britannica has been published using the so-called continuous revision system, according to which a small portion of the articles are revised at the time of each annual reprinting. Some American and British scholars, in analyzing the Encyclopaedia Britannica, have noted that most of the articles have been reprinted for many years without any changes although many of them contain outmoded, erroneous information.

The predominant type of article is an extended survey of a broad subject, as a result of which the number of entries is comparatively small (averaging 40,000 terms). The publishers of the Britannica draw upon scholars from approximately 50 countries to write the articles. Many questions of history, philosophy, politics, and economics are explained from anticommunist points of view.

At the beginning of the 20th century a joint Anglo-American venture was formed to work on the Britannica, a fact which has led to its transformation into a British-American encyclopedia both in content and in the basic staff of authors and editors. Since the early 1940’s the Britannica has been published in Chicago by Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., headed by W. Benton (died 1973). An editorial section of the Britannica has been retained in London. Since 1938 yearbooks entitled Britannica Book of the Year . . . have been brought out (in separate American and British editions).

In 1947, four supplementary volumes of the Britannica were published, reflecting the events of 1937-46 connected with World War II and its preparation and consequences. For the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, in 1968, three volumes were issued containing major articles on various branches of knowledge. In 1969 announcements appeared in the press concerning the initial stage of preparing a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
You'd think the Golden Age of biopics would've been the time when you had to go to a library or lug heavy volumes of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica to find out the details of famous lives -- yet in fact, with a few exceptions, Hollywood's never been as enamoured of true stories as it is now.
Bing users can expect an improvement in their organic search results following the announcement that Microsoft's search engine will partner with the Encyclopaedia Brittanica.
Webber became the Greek publishing rep for such diverse brands as Disney and the Encyclopaedia Brittanica, and also found himself tasked with turning Kingfisher's massive output into Greek.
New Delhi: Encyclopaedia Brittanica, 2003, 319-24: 320.
In 1959 when the famous physicist Richard Feynman had explained the possibility of writing the entire 24 volumes of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica on the head of a pin, not many may have believed him.
According to Encyclopaedia Brittanica, Titian was born sometime between 1488 to 1490 and died in 1576.
A former writer for Religion News Service, Darrell Turner writes the annual religion section for the Encyclopaedia Brittanica.
One thousand 15 to 24s were questioned about their historical knowledge in an Encyclopaedia Brittanica study to coincide with the release of a new Brittanica Deluxe DVD-ROM.
Statements that each day enough scientific articles were written to fill several complete sets of the Encyclopaedia Brittanica may have been inaccurate or even apocryphal but, even if they were close, they confirmed the impossibility that any individual, but particularly individuals who sought necessary information for the purpose, not of its own virtue but to be able to do something else with it, a process which would also require time, was doomed to fail.
Here is the reason why the gouaches, etchings, and oils of "speculative fiction" are so consistently evocative: they tap into a childhood font that used to be called wonder - now, of course, a frayed, heinous cliche, an Encyclopaedia Brittanica relic.
Convera's search, retrieval and categorization products are used by some of the world's leading publishers, including Atlanta Journal Constitution, Augusta Chronicle, Baltimore Sun, Bloomberg, Copley Press, Deseret News, Encyclopaedia Brittanica, The Financial Times, Gruner & Jahr Publishing, Los Angeles Times, Macmillan Publishers, Morris Communications Corp, Oxford University Press, Random House Publishing, Scotsman.
Even the facts trotted out had an Encyclopaedia Brittanica feel to them.