Encyclopaedia Britannica

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Encyclopaedia Britannica

 

the oldest and one of the most famous universal encyclopedias in the capitalist world.

The first edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica was published in three volumes in Edinburgh from 1768 to 1771. On the whole, the first eight editions were not of a very high standard. K. Marx, who used the eighth edition of the encyclopedia, remarked (based on his study of the articles on military and historical subjects) in a letter to F. Engels on July 16, 1857, that this encyclopedia was “copied almost verbatim from German and French publications” (K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 29, p. 123). The ninth edition (1875-89, in 25 volumes) of the Britannica showed considerable improvement, especially in the sections on the natural and exact sciences. The 11th edition (1910-11, in 29 volumes) is considered to be the best: the content was broadened, biographies of living figures were included for the first time, and the scientific content of a number of articles was highly esteemed by contemporaries. The extremely well-compiled index was also noteworthy. In 1929 the 14th edition of the Britannica was published in 24 volumes; it was the last edition to be numbered. Since that time the Britannica has been published using the so-called continuous revision system, according to which a small portion of the articles are revised at the time of each annual reprinting. Some American and British scholars, in analyzing the Encyclopaedia Britannica, have noted that most of the articles have been reprinted for many years without any changes although many of them contain outmoded, erroneous information.

The predominant type of article is an extended survey of a broad subject, as a result of which the number of entries is comparatively small (averaging 40,000 terms). The publishers of the Britannica draw upon scholars from approximately 50 countries to write the articles. Many questions of history, philosophy, politics, and economics are explained from anticommunist points of view.

At the beginning of the 20th century a joint Anglo-American venture was formed to work on the Britannica, a fact which has led to its transformation into a British-American encyclopedia both in content and in the basic staff of authors and editors. Since the early 1940’s the Britannica has been published in Chicago by Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc., headed by W. Benton (died 1973). An editorial section of the Britannica has been retained in London. Since 1938 yearbooks entitled Britannica Book of the Year . . . have been brought out (in separate American and British editions).

In 1947, four supplementary volumes of the Britannica were published, reflecting the events of 1937-46 connected with World War II and its preparation and consequences. For the 200th anniversary of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, in 1968, three volumes were issued containing major articles on various branches of knowledge. In 1969 announcements appeared in the press concerning the initial stage of preparing a new edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica.

I. V. GUDOVSHCHIKOVA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The positions of "oolly" and the word that preceded it had been transposed at the expense of alphabetical order, a mistake, comparable, I would think, to the Encyclopedia Brittanica inadvertently omitting an entry on the Duke of Wellington.
"There are certainly signs that print is dying," he said, citing Encyclopedia Brittanica's move from print to digital, the growth of business transactions online and the explosion of interest in iPads and similar technologies.
According to the Encyclopedia Brittanica, Father's Day, in the United States, reportedly began with Sonora Smart Dodd of Spokane, Wash., whose father, a Civil War veteran, raised her and her five siblings after their mother died in childbirth.
Unlike some hefty volumes in Indian restaurants that look like leather-bound editions of the Encyclopedia Brittanica, one easyto-navigate page covers all .
[Darrell Turner writes the annual religion section for the Encyclopedia Brittanica.]
THE CHICKEN MIGRATED from India throughout world during prehistoric times, according to the Encyclopedia Brittanica. By 1400 BC, chickens were in China, but they didn't reach the western hemisphere until the second voyage of Columbus in 1493.
Und Herr Pelliot wird vielleicht jetzt begreifen, warum in der neusten (14.) Auftage (1929) der Encyclopedia Brittanica sein Name nicht genannt ist (auch nicht unter Boxing)" (p.
Encyclopedia Brittanica is available online; leave it there.
"Floral Decoration." Encyclopedia Brittanica. 2003.
In addition, users receive two monthly newsletters from Harvard Business School Publishing (Negotiation and Harvard Management Update) and have access to reference materials via getAbstract.com and Encyclopedia Brittanica Online (brittanica.com).
These too are divided into sections: art books in one bookcase, miscellaneous essays and nature and science books in another; philosophy, letters, Greek drama, critical works, Shaw, and the Encyclopedia Brittanica in a third, and books on loan from Olympus--Joyce, Proust, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Dickens and such in a fourth.

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